Référence bibliographique 
Gherghel, Ana et Le Gall, Josiane. 2016. «Transnational Ties Within Azorean Multigenerational Kinship Groups: Multi-Connectedness and ICTs ». DisClosure: A Journal of Social Theory, vol. 25, p. 138-156.
«In this article, we question how the use of new ICTs [information and communication technology] influences transnational connections and their perpetuation in time, over long periods, within multigenerational kinship groups dispersed through migration.» (p. 25)
«The sample includes 28 Azorean migrants and 51 descendants of 1.5, second and third generations living in the province of Quebec, as well as 35 return migrants (24 first generation migrants and 11 of second generation) and 15 non-migrant relatives in the island São Miguel.» (p. 142)
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«[O]ur research highlights that ICTs’ impact on transnational connections, in the case of older migrant groups displaying various transnational practices over several decades, depends on individual’s current position in a transnational space formed by kinship networks. New media are incorporated in routines of family communication at a distance through younger members, migrants’ descendants and their non-migrant counterparts. This process occurs in a family climate characterized by multi-connectedness, attaching central importance to family conviviality, solidarity and traditions. Therefore, it contributes to transformation of transnational ties, network structure and communication styles. We demonstrate that multiple media are combined, but also that specific media are privileged by age and generation: elder respondents, migrants of first generation prefer phone, while the younger members of second and third generations favour Internet-based communications. Forms of ''old transnationalism'', such as those created by Azorean migrants in Quebec, are revisited and renewed through the process of delegation that enhances younger generations’ involvement in transnational connections. However, social and cultural contexts of family life influence the use of technologies in regular communications at a distance. New technologies are incorporated in family practices according to family relationships, expectations and commitments, and thus reinforcing characteristics of relations already present.» (p. 151)