Référence bibliographique 
Laplante, Benoit et Fostik, Ana Laura. 2016. «Cohabitation and Marriage in Canada. The Geography, Law and Politics of Competing Views on Gender Equality». Dans Cohabitation and Marriage in the Americas: Geo-Historical Legacies and New Trends , p. 59-100. Cham (Suisse): SpringerOpen.
«In this chapter, we look at unmarried cohabitation in Canada with a stress on regional differences.» (p. 60)
«In Quebec, consensual union among the young may be hard to distinguish from consensual union among the young in the rest of Canada; however, among women aged at least 30, it is not related to lower education, but, given the legal context and what is known from previous research, likely to be related with independence and gender equality within the couple. If this is true, economically independent women should be more likely to live in a consensual union than being married in Quebec, but not in the rest of Canada. Furthermore, favouring values related with individual autonomy should increase the probability of living in a consensual union rather than being married in Quebec, but not in the rest of Canada, or, at least, not as much in the rest of Canada as in Quebec.» (p. 77-78)
Le chapitre est basé sur les données provenant des recensements canadiens de 1986, 1996 et 2006.
Type de traitement des données :
«Family law and, more generally, the legal framework of family life changed in a deep way over the last decades in Canada. In a clearer way than in many other countries, these changes have created a context that provided unmarried couples with a legal institution that is best described as consensual union. While the details vary across provinces and despite larger differences between Quebec and the common law provinces, this is true all across the country. […] The main legal difference between consensual union in Quebec and in the common law provinces is the level of mutual economic dependence the law imposes on the partners. […] This radical difference between marriage and consensual union in Quebec law shapes a setting in which being married or not is associated with the actual level of dependence. Thus, in Quebec, economically dependent women tend to be married, whereas economically independent women tend to live in a consensual union. […] The main difference in the spread of cohabitation in Canada is the difference between French Quebec and English Canada, but there are other differences. We found two that […] had not been noticed before: outside Quebec, unmarried cohabitation seems to be more common in Eastern Canada than in Western Canada; unmarried cohabitation could be more common outside the larger census metropolitan areas than elsewhere.» (p. 96-97)