Gender Differences in Risk Factors for Cigarette Smoking Initiation in Childhood

Gender Differences in Risk Factors for Cigarette Smoking Initiation in Childhood

Gender Differences in Risk Factors for Cigarette Smoking Initiation in Childhood

Gender Differences in Risk Factors for Cigarette Smoking Initiation in Childhoods

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«Our objectives were […] to assess: (i) whether exposure to 13 well-established risk factors for initiation in adolescence also predicts initiation in preadolescence; and (ii) whether gender interacts with these risk factors to increase the risk of initiation.» (p. 145)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
L’étude est basée sur les données de l’étude longitudinale AdoQuest I menée auprès de 1801 élèves fréquentant une école primaire montréalaise. Les élèves ont été sondés en 2005 (5e année du primaire) et en 2006 (6e année du primaire).

Instruments :
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


Results show that «[o]f the 13 risk factors investigated, eight (i.e., smoking by mother and friends, no home smoking ban, number of smokers at home, exposure to smoking in cars, susceptibility to smoking, a higher number of depressive symptoms, and self-esteem) were statistically significantly related to initiation in both boys and girls, after adjusting for age and maternal education. In boys, neither paternal nor sibling smoking had a statistically significant association with smoking initiation. In contrast, compared to boys whose fathers were nonsmokers, girls whose fathers smoked were twice as likely to initiate smoking […], and compared to boys whose siblings were nonsmokers, girls whose siblings smoked were more than twice as likely to initiate […].» (p. 146-147)