Intentions : « The objective of this study were: (a) to test if parents’ participation in an intervention based on an empowerment ideology and participatory experiences decreases the number of cigarettes smoked in home; and (b) to identify barriers to making homes and vehicles smoke-free, as well as facilitators used by parents to manage these barriers. » (p. ii)
Questions/Hypothèses : The author takes as a hypothesis that « [...] [p]arents’ participation in an intervention based on an empowerment ideology and participatory experiences decreases the number of cigarettes smoked in homes daily at six months follow-up. » (p. 3)
Échantillon/Matériau : - 36 familles ont participé à l’étude. De ces familles, 19 formaient le groupe contrôle. - Recension des questionnaires qui mesurent l’empowerment.
Instruments : Questionnaires
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
This thesis consists of three manuscripts. « No significant difference was detected between the intervention and control groups in the number of cigarettes smoked in the home daily at six months follow-up. However empowerment increased and the number of cigarettes smoked in the home decreased in both the intervention and control groups from baseline (median = 17) to six-month follow-up (median = 5). Parents identified multiple barriers to smoke-free homes and vehicles including personal factors, factors involving others, and factors related to the physical environment. The most commonly identified barriers to smoke-free home were personal factors, with tobacco addiction cited most often. In describing how to overcome barriers, parents identified facilitators involving other people as most effective, yet they most relied on themselves. None of the parents identified a health provider as a facilitator. » (p. ii-iii)