Référence bibliographique 
Fagen, Rachelle. 2015. «The Predictive Role of Parenting Practices and Family Functioning on the Core Symptoms of ADHD». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université de Montréal, École de psychoéducation.
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«This study aims to examine the relationship between parenting practices used in childhood on one hand and the core symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence on the other hand. Specific parenting practices (involvement, positive parenting, monitoring/supervision, corporal punishment, appropriate discipline, harsh and inconsistent discipline, positive verbal discipline, praise and incentives and clear expectations) and aspects of family functioning were examined (communication, problem solving, roles, affective responsiveness, affective involvement, behavioural control and general functioning) in relation to inattention and hyperactivity.» (p. ii)
The author formulates two research questions: «Which parenting practices or family functioning characteristics in childhood are predictors of core symptoms of ADHD, 5 years later in adolescence? […] Which parenting practices or family functioning characteristics in childhood are predictors of change in core symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention from childhood to adolescence?» (p. 17)
L’auteure utilise l’étude longitudinale The Incredible Years, d’une durée de 5 ans, et retient les participations de trente-six enfants de 6 à 9 ans ainsi que de leurs parents, tous étant capables de s’exprimer en français. «In 91.7% (n=33) of cases, the parent respondent was the mother (mean age = 37. 31 years old) whereas in 8.3% (n=3) of cases the respondent was the father (mean age= 39.12 years old). In 75% (n=27) of cases the family was a biological two parent family while in 13.9% (n=5) participants were in a single parent family. In 11.1% (n=4) of cases the family was a reconstructed family with the child’s mother.» (p. 17-18)
Type de traitement des données :
«No significant relationship was found between any particular parenting practice and inattention or hyperactivity symptoms. This result corroborates past longitudinal research, which suggests that parenting practices used in childhood do not have an impact on the core symptoms of ADHD in adolescence (Burke, Pardini & Loeber ,2008). […] Previous research, along with the current finding, shows that parenting practices may play less of a central role with ADHD symptoms during the adolescent years.» (p. 37) «[D]espite a lack of significant results, past research suggests an important relationship between parental psychopathology, which has been linked with ineffective parenting practices and the persistence of ADHD from childhood to adolescence. Future studies should focus on the relationship between parental psychopathology and the core symptoms of ADHD from childhood to adolescence, as well as the impact of parenting practices on these core symptoms.» (p. ii)