The Relationship between Adolescents’ Experience of Family Violence and Dating Violence

The Relationship between Adolescents’ Experience of Family Violence and Dating Violence

The Relationship between Adolescents’ Experience of Family Violence and Dating Violence

The Relationship between Adolescents’ Experience of Family Violence and Dating Violences

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Référence bibliographique [186]

Laporte, Lise, Depeng, Jiang, Pepler, Debra J. et Chamberland, Claire. 2011. «The Relationship between Adolescents’ Experience of Family Violence and Dating Violence ». Youth & Society, vol. 43, no 1, p. 3-27.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The purpose of this study was to examine the links between violence in the family context and violence in dating relationships in a group of high-risk adolescents and a group of adolescents from the community. » (p. 17)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« In accordance with our theoretical framework and in line with previous research, we hypothesized that (a) adolescents who are aggressive toward their parents are more likely to be aggressive toward their romantic partners than those who are not, (b) adolescents who have been victims of parental aggression are more likely [to] be victimized by their romantic partners than those who have not been victimized, and (c) such adolescents are more likely to be aggressive toward their romantic partners than those who have not been victimized. Because the high-risk adolescents in our study had experienced severe abuse or neglect or had demonstrated delinquent behaviors, we expected that these associations would be stronger for those youth compared to youth from the community. » (p. 8)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
L’échantillon comprend 471 adolescents suivis par une agence de protection de la jeunesse. Il comprend également un groupe de comparaison.

Instruments :
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« We found that adolescents carry negative childhood experiences of family violence into their intimate relationships in different ways, depending on their gender and level of risk. The main findings were the following. (a) Male and female adolescents’ aggression toward their dating partners was mostly predicted by the amount of victimization they experienced in their romantic relationships, followed by the extent of aggression toward their parents; this was especially salient for female adolescents. (b) There was generally no gender difference in the association between adolescents’ reports of victimization by parents and victimization by romantic partners. Within the high-risk group, however, girls reported a high level of victimization across relationship contexts. (c) High-risk boys who reported childhood victimization were at a high risk of being aggressive with their girlfriends; this was especially true when they were harshly disciplined by their father. (d) Female adolescents who reported harsh discipline from both parents seemed to be at increased risk for using aggression within their dating relationships. » (p. 17-18)