Intentions : « [...] this study examines the personal and long-term socioeconomic characteristics of women aged 30 to 39 who gave birth as teenagers. [...] Specifically, this paper compares women who were teenage mothers with those who were adult mothers with respect to educational outcome, long-term labour force participation, and low-income status. » (p. 42)
Échantillon/Matériau : Les données utilisées dans cette étude proviennent du Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) de 1993, 1996, 1999, 2002 et 2005.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Teenage childbearing has been shown to have negative and long-term effects on women’s socioeconomic outcomes. Overall, teenage mothers in Canada had a lower probability than adult mothers of completing high school and postsecondary education, even after controlling for family background and other characteristics. Teenage childbearing and education are significantly related to a woman’s labour market participation. In terms of labour force participation, the results suggest education matters more than family background - women with similar education had similar likelihoods of being in full-year full-time employment. Only women who were teenage mothers with a postsecondary education were more likely to be working full-year full-time during the reference year than women who were adult mothers with similar education. And although the mean wages for teenage mothers were lower than for women who were adult mothers, teenage mothers and adult mothers with similar education were almost equally likely to be living in low income. Furthermore, family background was no longer statistically significant for these mothers when it came to the likelihood of living in low income. Similar results were found for the probability of living in low income. These results suggest that education may help counter the negative effects of teenage childbearing. However, other unobserved characteristics such as family support, social network and a variety of other resources, psychological traits, and other factors may also have an influence on outcomes. » (p. 47-48)