Understanding the Role of Social Support in Rural-to-Urban Migrant Children‘s Adaptation in Shanghai

Understanding the Role of Social Support in Rural-to-Urban Migrant Children‘s Adaptation in Shanghai

Understanding the Role of Social Support in Rural-to-Urban Migrant Children‘s Adaptation in Shanghai

Understanding the Role of Social Support in Rural-to-Urban Migrant Children‘s Adaptation in Shanghais

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Référence bibliographique [17922]

Wen, Ya. 2015. «Understanding the Role of Social Support in Rural-to-Urban Migrant Children‘s Adaptation in Shanghai». Thèse de doctorat, Montréal, Université McGill, École de travail social.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«This dissertation [by articles] draws upon different aspects of the concept of social support to explore how and where Chinese rural-to-urban migrant children and their families seek social support to strive for their objectives within cities. The ways in which social works may enhance social support for migrant children and their families for successful adaptation and integration into urban society is also addressed.» (p. 7) The first article «explore young people’s experience of moving to the city, facing various challenges, and how they seek for social support from informal and formal sources, including families, schools, peers and community/neighbours.» (p. 79) Article 2 «provides insights into Chinese rural-to-urban families’ experiences, particularly how these families go through transitions arising from migration, interacting with various social supports within the particular cultural and social context […]. The study aims not only to provides [sic] important insight for policy improvement in terms of supporting vulnerable families in current China, but also to enrich family resilience research that are based on Western evidence by bringing in Chinese experiences.» (p. 124)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«My analyses are framed around these questions:
1. How do rural-to-urban migrant children experience social support when navigating their urban adaptation in the context of urban village? 2. How do Chinese migrant families experience transitions and what role does social support play in their constructing resilience? 3. What social services are available in urban villages to support migrant children and their families, and what are the implications for social work practices in conducting community-level social services for migrant children and their families in China?» (p. 16)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
Le premier article de cette thèse est basé sur la participation de 18 jeunes Chinois ayant migré d’un espace rural vers Shanghai. L’échantillon du second article est composé de 10 familles chinoises (10 enfants et 15 parents) ayant migré d’un milieu rural de la Chine vers Shanghai.

Instruments :
Guide d’entretien semi-directif

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé

«[Results of article 1 showed that] many participants mentioned when dealing with various difficulties, parents, friends, and the teachers gave them the most help. The main sources of social support perceived by them were family members, peers, and teachers. Among them, the supports from parents were perceived as the most important, which satisfied most of their physical and material needs. The participants described their parents as the persons on whom they can rely, especially during times of crisis. […] Parents’ emotional and companion supports can be important for children’s psychological wellbeing when going through many transitions arising from migration. However, as mentioned before, migrant parents usually had to spend long hours working, which affected their ability to provide companionship to their children. Poor parenting skills also affected the parent-child relationship and the child’s perception of support from parents.» (p. 90-91) «[Results of article 2 showed that] the support from informal networks constituted the major source of social support for migrant families in this study: accessible and trustworthy people who understood their personal situation, whose help came at a minimum cost and with little stigma.» (p. 116) «[They also show that] most of the families interviewed for this study have been able to settle down in the city, their children attending local schools and earning an increased family income. They have achieved this success despite various adversities, including changes of family structure or financial crisis resulting from unprepared accidents or unemployment. These findings provide important insight into Chinese families’ resilience through examining migrant families’ experiences of transitions and trying to adapt to life in Shanghai. The accounts of the parents and their children describe how, when facing crisis, families usually manage to make adaptive choices after many shifts in perspectives according to available resources and social support. In documenting migrant families’ use of informal and formal supports, this study provides important perspectives for policy improvement.» (p. 121)