Variation in Women’s Status across the Provinces, 1999-2014

Variation in Women’s Status across the Provinces, 1999-2014

Variation in Women’s Status across the Provinces, 1999-2014

Variation in Women’s Status across the Provinces, 1999-2014s

| Ajouter

Référence bibliographique [17903]

O’Neill, Brenday. 2016. «Variation in Women’s Status across the Provinces, 1999-2014». Dans Provinces: Canadian Provincial Politics , sous la dir. de Christopher Dunn, p. 109-132. Toronto: Les Presses de l’Université Toronto.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«The goal of this chapter is relatively straightforward: to evaluate and compare women’s status in several policy areas in an effort to determine its variation across the provinces and to a lesser extent over time. […] The goal is to evaluate women’s position in each province relative to women in others in four areas: economic independence, reproductive freedom, child care, and women’s political representation.» (p. 110)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«Does where a woman lives in Canada matter for her quality of life? Are provincial policy responses sufficiently different to render a noticeably different impact on women?» (p. 109)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
L’auteure utilise des données de Statistique Canada et des données issues de différents organismes et ministères provinciaux.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

According to the author, «[t]he finding suggest that place matters for women’s status on a range of issues, although variation is greater on some issues than others, and higher status on one issues in a province down not always correspond to higher status on the others. Where a woman lives matters for her quality of life. Women in Quebec and in Ontario enjoy a status that is almost consistently above the average for the provinces across the policies. Although women in Quebec do not enjoy an economic independence that is particularly distinctive, governments and political parties in the province have made policy decisions and prioritized in such a manner in the areas of reproductive freedom, child care, and political representation in the province that women can access services and the political sphere in a manner unmatched in the remaining provinces. […] The goal of fully explaining these provincial policy choices and patterns if left to others. But the examination of variation in provincial norms and culture – in the importance of religious beliefs, support for women and feminists, and attitudes toward an abortion ban – does offer some support for the importance of the ideational context in explaining government policy positions. Where opinions appears to offer the greatest support for addressing women’s issues, in British Columbia, Quebec, and Ontario, policies do seem to offer this support in many areas, but not all.» (p. 128-129)