Distinct Trajectories of Separation Anxiety in the Preschool Years: Persistence at School Entry and Early-Life Associated Factors

Distinct Trajectories of Separation Anxiety in the Preschool Years: Persistence at School Entry and Early-Life Associated Factors

Distinct Trajectories of Separation Anxiety in the Preschool Years: Persistence at School Entry and Early-Life Associated Factors

Distinct Trajectories of Separation Anxiety in the Preschool Years: Persistence at School Entry and Early-Life Associated Factorss

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Référence bibliographique [17841]

Battaglia, Marco, Touchette, Évelyne, Garon-Carrier, Gabrielle, Dionne, Ginette, Côté, Sylvana M., Vitaro, Frank, Tremblay, Richard E. et Boivin, Michel. 2016. «Distinct Trajectories of Separation Anxiety in the Preschool Years: Persistence at School Entry and Early-Life Associated Factors ». Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 57, no 1, p. 39-46.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«In this study […], we addressed three main questions, aimed at differentiating time-limited SA [separation anxiety] from the persistent and more pronounced SA manifestations that likely precede SAD [Separation Anxiety Disorder].» (p. 40)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«First, can we identify discrete patterns of temporal occurrence and strength of SA manifestations in the population? Second, what are the early life factors that are associated with differential stability and strength of SA manifestations? Third, which longitudinal preschool profile of parent-rated SA predicts teacher-rated SA manifestations at school entry?» (p. 40)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«This study was part of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development (QLSCD) (Petitclerc, Boivin, Dionne, Zoccolillo, & Tremblay, 2009), which surveyed a representative sample of children born in 1997–98 in the province of Québec, Canada, except for children living in Cree or Inuit territories, Indian reserves, and northern Quebec. […] A total of 1,933 families (91.2% of the 2,120 final longitudinal sample) filled out the initial parental ratings, and were then included in this study.» (p. 40)

Instruments :
- Child Behavior Checklist
- Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


According to the authors, «[l]ittle is known about the trajectories of separation anxiety, and which factors affect their intensity and persistence from early childhood to kindergarten. [...] Longitudinal analyses of multiple parental ratings of separation anxiety items in a population cohort yielded four distinct trajectories, only one of which – the High-Increasing showed consistently high and increasing symptoms from age 1.5 to age 6 years. [...] The High-Increasing was the only trajectory linked to teacher-assessed separation anxiety in kindergarten, and was associated with higher rates of maternal depression, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and unemployment. [...] Most children with high separation anxiety at age 1.5 years are expected to recover by age 4–5; however, high separation anxiety that persists over time deserves attention, and may predict separation anxiety disorder.» (p. 45)