Québec Incidence Study on the Situations Investigated by Child Protective Services: Major Findings for 2008 and Comparison with 1998

Québec Incidence Study on the Situations Investigated by Child Protective Services: Major Findings for 2008 and Comparison with 1998

Québec Incidence Study on the Situations Investigated by Child Protective Services: Major Findings for 2008 and Comparison with 1998

Québec Incidence Study on the Situations Investigated by Child Protective Services: Major Findings for 2008 and Comparison with 1998s

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Référence bibliographique [17640]

Hélie, Sonia, Fast, Elizabeth, Turcotte, Daniel, Trocmé, Nico, Tourigny, Marc et Fallon, Barbara. 2015. «Québec Incidence Study on the Situations Investigated by Child Protective Services: Major Findings for 2008 and Comparison with 1998 ». Revue canadienne de santé publique / Canadian Journal of Public Health, vol. 106, no 7 (Supplément 2), p. 7-13.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«This paper presents an overview of the 2008 findings and the comparisons with 1998 in terms of rates of investigation [by the child protective services] and short-term case decisions, and in terms of the forms and other characteristics of substantiated MT/BD [maltreatment/serious behavioral disturbances].» (p. 8)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«The QIS [Québec incidence study]-1998 is based on a census of all children investigated by CPS [child protective services] agencies in Québec over a three-month period, from October 1 through December 31, 1998. For the QIS-2008 a random sample was used of 50% of children investigated by CPS agencies in Québec over the same time frame in 2008.» (p. 8)

Instruments :
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«There was an increase in the overall rate of children investigated for child MT/BD between 1998 and 2008, but the rate of substantiated cases remained stable. The increasing rate of children investigated in conjunction with a decrease in proportions of substantiation, placement, court use and ongoing services among those investigated suggests that there is, in the population, a greater propensity to report possible instances of MT/BD.» (p. 11) «The stability in the rate of substantiated MT/BD […] may be explained in multiple ways. It may be the reflection of a real stabilization in the maltreatment of children in the population, or it may be caused by CPS resources having reached their maximum capacity and thus referring to external services the cases that otherwise would have been kept open by CPS for ongoing services. However, if there was a saturation of CPS resources, the severity of substantiated cases would have increased over time, which is not confirmed by the current study. On the contrary, there were decreases in what may be called the severity of MT/BD in Québec from 1998 to 2008. […] Finally, as compared with other countries and provinces that have published studies involving CPS, Québec has the lowest rate of investigated maltreatment (18.47 per 1,000 in Québec versus other studies ranging from 39 to 54 per 1,000 children) but is within the range of substantiated maltreatment rates […].» (p. 12)