Violence in Early Life: A Canada-US Comparison

Violence in Early Life: A Canada-US Comparison

Violence in Early Life: A Canada-US Comparison

Violence in Early Life: A Canada-US Comparisons

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Référence bibliographique [17537]

Zhang, Lihui. 2015. «Violence in Early Life: A Canada-US Comparison ». Child Indicators Research, vol. 8, no 2, p. 299-346.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«[T]his paper uses comparable secondary data sets from 1994 to 2008 to compare Canada and US [United States] on three distinct measures of violence among children and youth […].» (p. 300)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
«The US data sets used are the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 79 (NLSY79) and the Child/Young Adult Supplement of NLSY79 (CNLSY79), collected by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.» (p. 301) «The Canadian data set used is the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) conducted by Statistics Canada, which surveyed biennially a nationally representative sample of children from 1994 to 2008.» (p. 303)

Instruments :

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

«This paper starts out by showing that violence - hitting, bullying, and fighting - rates among 2–17 year old children or youth in US are much higher than in Canada. These cross-country violence gaps appear to have emerged early in children’s life and the early-life differences remain important as children grow up.» (p. 332) «Baker et al. (2008) study the introduction of universal and highly-subsidized child care in the late 1990s in Quebec and find that mothers’ labor supply increased and outcomes, including aggression, motor-social skills, and illness, worsened for 0–4 year old children. Kottelenberg and Lehrer (2013) confirm that the findings in Baker et al. (2008) are robust to the inclusion of most recently available cycles of the NLSCY. Sherlock et al. (2008) study the relationship between duration of maternity leave and the performance on the Motor and Social Development (MSD) scale among children up to 2 years of age. They find that one month of maternity leave is associated with an increase of 3% in the odds of impaired performance on the MSD.» (p. 329) Cet article comporte plusieurs comparaisons entre le Québec et les États-Unis, notamment sur les impacts des politiques familiales sur la criminalité.