Personality, Coping, Risky Behavior, and Mental Disorders in the Offspring of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Comprehensive Psychosocial Assessment

Personality, Coping, Risky Behavior, and Mental Disorders in the Offspring of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Comprehensive Psychosocial Assessment

Personality, Coping, Risky Behavior, and Mental Disorders in the Offspring of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Comprehensive Psychosocial Assessment

Personality, Coping, Risky Behavior, and Mental Disorders in the Offspring of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Comprehensive Psychosocial Assessments

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Référence bibliographique [17413]

Nijjar, Rami, Ellenbogen, Mark A. et Hodgins, Sheilagh. 2014. «Personality, Coping, Risky Behavior, and Mental Disorders in the Offspring of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Comprehensive Psychosocial Assessment ». Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 166, p. 315-323.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The objectives of the current investigation were two fold: (1) to examine differences in personality traits, coping style, and risk-taking behavior (smoking, anti-social behaviors, high risk sexual behaviors, self-injury, and suicidality) between the OBD [offspring of parents with bipolar disorder] and controls, and (2) to compare these psychosocial profiles in offspring who have developed an affective disorder with those who have not, so as to tease apart prodromal markers from those that are present by virtue of having an affective disorder.» (p. 316)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«It is hypothesized that the OBD will report higher ratings of neuroticism and lower ratings of extra- version, more frequent use of maladaptive coping, and more risky behavior than control offspring, and that these differences will be present irrespective of having developed an affective disorder.» (p. 316)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
L’étude est basée sur la participation de la progéniture (148 personnes) de 91 familles. En tout, 77 personnes venaient d’une famille dont au moins un des parents a reçu un diagnostic de bipolarité. Les participants avec un parent atteint de bipolarité ont été recrutés par l’entremise d’une clinique psychiatrique de Montréal.

Instruments :
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«With regards to psychosocial factors, the central finding was that the OBD were more likely to engage in sexual risk behaviors (SRBs) than control offspring. Risky sexual behavior may represent a particularly important psychosocial marker of risk among the OBD because it was found independent of having an affective disorder. The OBD also reported less task-focused coping and more distraction-focused coping than controls. Female OBD were more likely to endorse the use of emotion-focused coping than high-risk males and controls. All the above findings, except for high-risk sexual behavior, could be attributed in part to the fact that the OBD have higher rates of affective disorder than the controls. Surprisingly, OBD did not differ from controls on measures of personality. As hypothesized, the OBD were more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior, as indexed by initiating sexual activity before the age of 16, having had at an abortion, or engaging in unprotected sex. In general, adolescent SRBs are thought to be related to deficits in core competencies including positive sense of self (self-efficacy; self-esteem), self-regulatory capacities, decision- making skills, and prosocial connectedness […].» (p. 320)