Parental Differential Treatment and Sibling Relationship Quality in Families with a Child with a Developmental Disability

Parental Differential Treatment and Sibling Relationship Quality in Families with a Child with a Developmental Disability

Parental Differential Treatment and Sibling Relationship Quality in Families with a Child with a Developmental Disability

Parental Differential Treatment and Sibling Relationship Quality in Families with a Child with a Developmental Disabilitys

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Référence bibliographique [17371]

Truchon, Marie-Michèle. 2015. «Parental Differential Treatment and Sibling Relationship Quality in Families with a Child with a Developmental Disability». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département d’éducation.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«This qualitative study utilized a family systems framework to explore the experiences of [...] families with regards to examining the effect of parental differential treatment on the quality of sibling relationships when one sibling has a DD [developmental disability], and the other sibling does not.» (p. iii) «Specifically, this study will examine whether, in the presence of perceived PDT (parental differential treatment), typically developing siblings tend to regard their sibling with a DD as a rival or in more positive terms.» (p. 3)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«The first research questions aimed at investigating if mothers, fathers, and typically developing children agreed on whether they perceived PDT or not.» (p. 76) «[T]he second research question consisted of examining whether children perceived that particular parental behaviours were fair or unfair […].» (p. 78) «The third and fourth research questions examined how mothers, fathers, and children perceive the sibling relationship.» (p. 80)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«Participant selection […] came from a pool of families who had the following characteristics: multiple children within the age range of 4 to 14 years, at least one child with a DD, and geographically situated on the island of Montreal or the surrounding areas […]. A total of nine French-speaking families were selected to participate in the study including 10 typically developing siblings.» (p. 16-17)

Instruments :
-Guide d’entretien semi-directif
-Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé


«Overall, both parents and the typically developing child report that having a sibling with a DD is related to both positive and negative features of the sibling relationship. Furthermore, this study demonstrated that when present, PDT may be linked with less loving and fullfilling sibling relationships from the perspective of all participants. The findings support the importance of implementing, introducing, and teaching methods to parents so that they can take an active role in fostering a positive relationship between their children.» (p. iii) «One of main findings demonstrated that most children reported being recipients of PDT.» (p. 76) «The findings from this study [also] demonstrate the need for mothers and fathers to communicate with their typically developing children about different and unequal treatment.» (p.77) «[Furthermore,] PDT was associated with a positive sibling relationship when children perceived it as fair.» (p.79) «Another common theme mentioned by most participants included the lack of interactions and communication between the typically developing child and the child with a DD […].» (p. 81)