Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths Coming Out to Their Parents: Parental Reactions and Youths’ Outcomes

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths Coming Out to Their Parents: Parental Reactions and Youths’ Outcomes

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths Coming Out to Their Parents: Parental Reactions and Youths’ Outcomes

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths Coming Out to Their Parents: Parental Reactions and Youths’ Outcomess

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Référence bibliographique [17252]

D’amico, Emilie, Julien, Danielle, Tremblay, Nicole et Chartrand, Elise. 2015. «Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths Coming Out to Their Parents: Parental Reactions and Youths’ Outcomes ». Journal of GLBT Family Studies, vol. 11, no 5, p. 411-437.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«This study examines the contribution of parental reactions to their child’s identity development and psychological adjustment following their child’s coming out as gay, lesbian, or bisexual (GLB).» (p. 411)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«Based on the previous findings, we did not expect that parental reactions would impact gay youths and lesbian youths differently. However, we expected higher levels of reactions among mothers than among fathers, and we predicted that mothers’ reactions, compared to fathers’ reactions, would be more strongly associated with the GLB youths’ outcomes.» (p. 416)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
L’échantillon compte 53 parents et 53 adolescents homosexuels, lesbiens ou bisexuels.

Instruments :
- Guide d’entretien semi-directif (pour les parents)
- Questionnaire (pour les adolescents)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«There were no gender differences in levels of positive and negative parental reactions and in levels of GLB youths’ outcomes. However, as expected, parents’ support of their child’s sexual orientation, parents’ attempts to control their child’s sexual orientation, and parents’ struggles with their child’s sexual orientation were significantly associated with dimensions of youths’ identity and psychological adjustment. Parents’ gender also moderated the strength of the associations between parental reactions and youths’ outcomes. This study is of clinical relevance for intervention regarding sexually diverse populations.» (p. 411) «Yet, our study suggests that parents’ struggles with their child’s sexual orientation exacerbate the child’s difficulties in moving away from internalized homophobia. It is also possible that a child’s negative perception of his or her own sexuality increases the parents’ struggles with their child’s sexuality.» (p. 427)