Distant Kinship and Founder Effects in the Quebec Population

Distant Kinship and Founder Effects in the Quebec Population

Distant Kinship and Founder Effects in the Quebec Population

Distant Kinship and Founder Effects in the Quebec Populations

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Référence bibliographique [1633]

Tremblay, Marc, Vézina, Hélène, Desjardins, Bertrand et Houde, Louis. 2008. «Distant Kinship and Founder Effects in the Quebec Population». Dans Kinship and Demographic Behavior in the Past , sous la dir. de Tommy Bengtsson et Mineau, Geraldine P., p. 259-277. Coll. «International Studies in Population, vol. 7». New York: Springer.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The present study focuses on the genetic consequences of the demographic settlement and expansion experienced by the Quebec population over the last four centuries. » (p. 261)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
This study use « [...] genealogical data retrieved from the BALSAC population register, the BALSAC-RETRO genealogical database and the Early Quebec Population Register » (p. 359)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The structure of kinship links in a given population at a given time is the result of several past demographic events that shaped the population during its evolution. Many populations display particular kinship structures due to the occurrence of specific events at some point in their history, such as founder effects. […] this study focuses on the genetic consequences of the demographic settlement and expansion experienced by the Quebec population over the last four centuries. A total of 2,223 ascending genealogies were reconstructed for the purpose of this study. These genealogies have an average depth of 9.3 generations and go back as far as the early seventeenth century. Measures of kinship show that 98 percent of all pairs of subjects share at least one distant common ancestor. Virtually all genealogies (99.2 percent) contain at least one French founder. Overall, nearly 87 percent of the current gene pool is explained by French founders who came mainly from the provinces of Normandie, Ile-de-France, Aunis, Poitou, and Perche during the seventeenth century. » (p. 259)