Subjective and Relative Socioeconomic Status and Adolescent Health Outcomes

Subjective and Relative Socioeconomic Status and Adolescent Health Outcomes

Subjective and Relative Socioeconomic Status and Adolescent Health Outcomes

Subjective and Relative Socioeconomic Status and Adolescent Health Outcomess

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Référence bibliographique [13120]

Quon, Elizabeth. 2014. «Subjective and Relative Socioeconomic Status and Adolescent Health Outcomes». Thèse de doctorat, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département de psychologie.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The objective of the current research program is to examine how relative position in the socioeconomic hierarchy is related to adolescent health, across multiple domains of health: self-rated health, mental health, physical health, and health behaviours.» (p. iii) Study 1 aimed «[t]o comprehensively and quantitatively examine the association between subjective socioeconomic status (SES) and health outcomes during adolescence.» (p. 16) Study 2 «examine[d] the effects of provincial income inequality on multiple adolescent health outcomes.» (p. 52) Study 3 «aimed to examine how relative SES, as measured by subjective SES, income inequality, and individual SES relative to others in the community, is associated with a wide range of adolescent health outcomes, after controlling for objective family SES.» (p. 77)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
Dans la première étude, l’auteure se base sur une revue de littérature comprenant 44 recherches. La deuxième étude utilise les cycles 4 et 7 de l’’Enquête longitudinale nationale sur les enfants et les jeunes et compte 11 899 participants âgés entre 12 et 17 ans. Dans la dernière étude l’échantillon compte 2 199 adolescents âgés entre 13 et 16 ans dont les données sont tirées de l’Enquête sociale et de santé auprès des enfants et des adolescents québécois.

Instruments :
Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique
Réflexion critique

3. Résumé


According to the author, study 1 «has implications for the measurement of subjective SES in adolescents, for the conceptualization of subjective and objective SES, and for the pathways between SES and health in adolescents.» (p. 16) In study 2, the author concludes, that «[p]rovince-level income inequality may influence select individual physical and mental health outcomes in adolescents, which has implications for research and policy in this age group.» (p. 52) «Findings [in study 3] indicated that lower subjective SES was associated with poorer health outcomes. After accounting for family SES, lower community education/employment had an additional negative effect on health, while lower community income had a protective effect for certain health outcomes. There was less evidence for an independent effect of income inequality.» (p. 77) «Overall, this research program provided a comprehensive understanding of the influence of subjective socioeconomic status and income inequality, and the broader construct of relative status, on several domains of health during adolescence. It is recommended that future studies use longitudinal data to examine pathways between relative socioeconomic status and health during adolescence and into adulthood.» (p. iv) L’auteur construit l’environnement socio-économique de l’adolescent principalement avec des données sur le revenu familial ainsi que la structure des familles.