The Association of Family Food Environment and Lifestyle Behavior with Dietary Habits of Quebec Children

The Association of Family Food Environment and Lifestyle Behavior with Dietary Habits of Quebec Children

The Association of Family Food Environment and Lifestyle Behavior with Dietary Habits of Quebec Children

The Association of Family Food Environment and Lifestyle Behavior with Dietary Habits of Quebec Children s

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Référence bibliographique [1285]

Karam, Helen. 2009. «The Association of Family Food Environment and Lifestyle Behavior with Dietary Habits of Quebec Children ». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université McGill, École de diététique et de nutrition humaine.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
Here are the author’s objectives:
« - To describe the patterns of food intake in children in families with at least 1 parent with obesity
- To describe the correlates of food intake i.e. Soft drinks, fast food, junk food, fruits and vegetables
- To describe the correlates of nutrient intake i.e. Fiber, saturated fat, calcium, sodium, total calories. » (p. 21)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The ''Familial Study on the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Type 2 Diabetes in Children and Adolescents'' is a large cohort study aimed at studying the natural history of excess body fat and cardiometabolic risk factors in Caucasian Québec children aged 8 to 10 years. The cohort is a joint collaboration between five universities in Québec (Université de Montréal, McGill University, Université Laval, Concordia University and INRS / Institut Armand-Frappier) and 2 university hospital centers (CHU Sainte-Justine [Montreal] and Hôpital Laval [Québec City]). The cohort aims to recruit over 600 families to follow-up throughout adolescence. This thesis is a cross-sectional study of the baseline nutritional evaluation and physical activity evaluation of the children recruited from September 2005 to September 2008. » (p. 22)

Instruments:
- questionnaire (24-hour Multiple Pass Recall) administré par téléphone
- questionnaire complété par l’enfant lors de la première rencontre d’évaluation
- questionnaire complété par les parents

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« This cross-sectional study described the dietary and lifestyle habits of Québec children who are at high risk of overweight. Dietary intake was assessed by 24-hour recall; physical activity was evaluated using a 7-day physical activity recall. Dietary measures included energy and nutrient intake, junk food, fast food, fruit and vegetable, soft drink and high sugar drink consumption. The family environment correlates included: breakfast skipping, family supper, restaurant foods, television viewing during supper, children’s weight, parents’ weight, physical activity level and sedentary behaviour. Children who skipped breakfast had lower calcium and fiber intakes, daughters of obese mothers consumed more soft drinks, boys who watched more television during supper had lower fiber intakes, boys who performed more activities consumed less junk food and more fruits and vegetables, while girls who exercised more had lower intakes of fat. This analysis provides insights into correlates of food intake in children. » (p. iii)