Socioeconomic Status, Social Relations and Domestic Violence (DV) Against Elderly People in Canada, Albania, Colombia and Brazil

Socioeconomic Status, Social Relations and Domestic Violence (DV) Against Elderly People in Canada, Albania, Colombia and Brazil

Socioeconomic Status, Social Relations and Domestic Violence (DV) Against Elderly People in Canada, Albania, Colombia and Brazil

Socioeconomic Status, Social Relations and Domestic Violence (DV) Against Elderly People in Canada, Albania, Colombia and Brazils

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Référence bibliographique [12840]

Guedes, Dimitri Taurino, Eugenia Alvarado, Beatriz, Phillips, Susan P., Lucia Curcio, Carmen, Victoria Zunzunegui, Maria et Oliveira Guerra, Ricardo. 2015. «Socioeconomic Status, Social Relations and Domestic Violence (DV) Against Elderly People in Canada, Albania, Colombia and Brazil ». Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 60, no 3, p. 492-500.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«Our objectives were: (1) to determine whether socioeconomic conditions, social relations (marital status, living arrangements), and social support (social support exchange and satisfaction) are related to recent experiences of DV in old age; and (2) to explore whether experiences of and factors associated with DV differ between older women and men.» (p. 493)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«Data were collected as part of a multicenter and multidisciplinary population-based longitudinal study (IMIAS) conducted at five sites: Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Manizales (Colombia), Kingston (Canada), and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada).» (p. 493)

Instruments :
Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«Pooled data showed a low prevalence of physical DV [...] across settings, precluding the investigation of related social factors. In contrast, reported frequencies of psychological IPV [intimate partner violence] ranged from 4.6% to 28.5%, and those of psychological FV [family violence] ranged from 3.2% to 18.3%. In keeping with previously reported evidence, we found that the experience of DV was related to lack of social support and type of living arrangement […]. Psychological IPV was more common among older women and men with low levels of partner support [...], whereas psychological FV was more prevalent among those with multifamily living arrangements and/or low and middle levels of support from partners, children, and family members [...]. Women experienced more psychological violence than did men, and the effects of social factors, particularly work status and partner support, differed by gender. » (p. 496) «Psychological FV was most prevalent among women in Colombia and lest prevalent among men in Saint-Hyacinthe. More women than men experienced psychological FV in Saint-Hyacinthe (14.0% vs. 3.2%), Tirana (10.3% vs. 4.3%). and Manizales (18.3% vs. 8.3%).» (p. 495)