Fertility Decision-Making: A Québec-Specific Analysis

Fertility Decision-Making: A Québec-Specific Analysis

Fertility Decision-Making: A Québec-Specific Analysis

Fertility Decision-Making: A Québec-Specific Analysiss

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Référence bibliographique [12835]

Gregoire, Elizabeth. 2014. «Fertility Decision-Making: A Québec-Specific Analysis». Mémoire de maîtrise, Université Concordia, Département de sociologie et d’anthropologie.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«This thesis examines different aspects considered during the fertility decisionmaking process that unfolds during a woman’s life.» (p. iii)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«Did women with children differ substantially in their decision-making from women with no children (yet or definitely)? […] What factors affected the decision-making of these two groups of women and which variables were given more consideration? […] When did this decision-making begin and how did life events affect this decision temporally during the woman’s childbearing years? […] Was their personal decision influenced or informed by institutional involvement, i.e. family, religion, education, culture, media, etc.? What about other people’s perceptions of them? […] If a woman has a stable partner, how will that affect, and what role does that person play, in her fertility decisions? […] Did childhood experience have any effect on their decision-making? […] Did women have children if they were not ready in most of their expected spheres (partner, housing, education, career, etc.)?» (p. 3)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
«In total, 26 women participated in this research project and the data collection […] took place in 2012. Of the 26 women, 17 of them had at least one child (one woman was pregnant at the time of participation), and 9 women had no children.» (p. 37)

Instruments :
Guide d’entretien semi-directif

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé

In this study, «[a]nalysis of the collected data was made with regard to facets such as the meaning of motherhood; influences, desires and intentions; partners; decision-making and readiness; and contraceptive choices. Questions such as when decision-making begins and how it is negotiated with regard to other life objectives are looked at. Within a Quebec context, the analysis drew on theories from the Second Demographic Transition to frame the question and ongoing decision-making process, and from Symbolic Interactionism to seek detailed information from women themselves and acknowledge the high level of agency they exert in coming to a decision. As such, the women in this study had/will have fewer children than prior generations, and when they are older in age, and within either married or cohabitational relationships. Partners and age emerge as the strongest influences, as well as the primary decisional elements of consideration for both groups of women. The narratives show fluid and sometimes, negotiated, life paths that were not always in line with original intention or expected outcome.» (p. iii)