Référence bibliographique 
Briscoe, Ciara. 2013. «Directive and Nondirective Guidance During Mother-Child Interactions in a High-Risk Sample: Associations with Family and Environment Variables». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département de psychologie.
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«The present study was designed to explore how maternal guidance (i.e., involvement and monitoring) is associated with parent-level (e.g., the mother-child relationship) and contextual factors (e.g., the home environment) as well as appropriate child behaviour in unstructured and structured tasks.» (p. iii)
«The participants in the current study derive from the original larger longitudinal sample of the Concordia Longitudinal Risk Project. […] In the present study, three sets of objectives will be explored using a sub-sample of the Concordia Project of 135 mothers (88 of whom are original female participants) who took part with their 24-72-month-old children at the time of data collection. […] Out of the 135 dyads indicated above, dyads were excluded either due to poor video quality or inability to digitize the video (n=26), speech issues (e.g., speaking languages other than French for a portion of the time; n=10) or incomplete video segments (n=10). Thus, data from 89 dyads were coded, of which 58 of the mothers were original female participants and 31 were female spouses of original participants.» (p. 9-10)
Type de traitement des données :
«Hierarchical regressions were conducted predicting maternal guidance, controlling for mother’s level of education, and child’s age and sex. Results revealed that mothers with more directive guidance displayed lower quality of the home environment, higher parental stress, poorer mother-child relationship, and higher levels of maternal childhood levels of social withdrawal. Furthermore, more nondirective maternal guidance was associated with higher quality home environment, lower parental stress, and a better mother-child relationship. The correlation between directive and nondirective guidance was .10. Taken together, results suggest that parenting practices are best understood in relation to other parenting and contextual variables, and generating parenting profiles may be helpful in developing and implementing parenting interventions for high-risk mothers.» (p. iii-iv)