Dropout and Completion of Treatment among Spouse Abusers

Dropout and Completion of Treatment among Spouse Abusers

Dropout and Completion of Treatment among Spouse Abusers

Dropout and Completion of Treatment among Spouse Abuserss

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Référence bibliographique [12260]

Rondeau, Gilles, Brodeur, Normand, Brochu, Serge et Lemire, Guy. 2001. «Dropout and Completion of Treatment among Spouse Abusers ». Violence and Victims, vol. 16, no 2, p. 127-143.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«In Quebec more than 25 programs for batterers are dispersed within the province. The question of men’s perseverance in these programs greatly preoccupies researchers and clinicians. The general objective of this study is to identify factors that may better predict perseverance or dropout in programs for batterers.» (p. 127)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«Thus, in accordance with past research it was hypothesized that various ontosystemic variables including the sociodemographic variables (age, education, income, employment status and source of income), interpersonal variables (assaults toward other persons than the partner, intensity and severity of conjugal violence, being witness of abuse in family of origin) and psychological variables related to the individual (psychiatric symptoms) would predict dropout. It was also expected that some microsystemic variables related to the family (marital status, presence of children, departure or return of the partner) would predict dropout. Finally, it was hypothesized that mesosystemic variables comprising program client variables (therapeutic alliance and group climate), social pressure and social support (number of people providing support and degree of satisfaction related to support) could influence dropout and completion.» (p. 130)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
«Among the 534 men who entered treatment, 136 (25.5%) refused to participate in the research and 112 (21.0%) partially completed the questionnaires. Thus, 286 men accepted to participate in the present research and were followed until the data concerning them were completed. The follow-up rate for men who consented to participate in the study was 71.9%. The study concerning the determinants of treatment perseverance was undertaken on 286 completed dossiers.» (p. 132)

Instruments :
- The Psychiatric Symptoms Index (PSI-29)
- CAGE Questionnaire (CutDown, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye Opener)
- ’Satisfaction’ Subscale of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale
- Conflict Tactic Scale (CTS)
- Shortened Version of the Marlowe-Crowne (M-C 20)
- California Therapeutic Alliance Scale (Patient Version) (CALPAS-P)
- Group Climate Questionnaire (GCQ-S)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

«[M]en who completed treatment were older than those who abandoned it […]; they also possess higher levels of education […]; they earn higher incomes and are more likely to work […]; and they are less likely to depend on social welfare benefits. Furthermore, […] the present study revealed that men who abandoned treatment generally had a higher incidence of conflicts with the judicial system. On average, these men were more often convicted for infractions to the criminal code than men who completed the treatment program. They also were more frequently found guilty of assaults of others. Therefore, delinquents seem more difficult to maintain in treatment than other men. […] The results on microsystemic variables are also interesting. Incidentally, results with regard to family factors show that men who complete treatment programs have a more stable family life. They have been in longer relationship with their partners. They represent a greater proportion of married men, possess a greater number of children with their partners, and live in settings where there are a greater number of children. Treatment completion is also related to a longer relationship and cohabitation with the partner. Conversely, men typically lose motivation and abandon treatment once their partners leave.» (p. 139)