Educational Homogamy of Married and Unmarried Couples in English and French Canada

Educational Homogamy of Married and Unmarried Couples in English and French Canada

Educational Homogamy of Married and Unmarried Couples in English and French Canada

Educational Homogamy of Married and Unmarried Couples in English and French Canadas

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Référence bibliographique [12208]

Hamplová, Dana et Le Bourdais, Céline. 2008. «Educational Homogamy of Married and Unmarried Couples in English and French Canada ». Cahiers canadiens de sociologie / The Canadian Journal of Sociology, vol. 33, no 4, p. 845-872.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The goal of this article was to contribute to research on educational assortative mating and evaluate the relative differences between marriage and cohabitation in terms of partner’s selection.» (p. 867)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«We hypothesized that the demographic differences separating Quebec and the rest of Canada should be reflected in distinct patterns of assortative mating […] First, we expected to find smaller gap between married and unmarried couples in Quebec than in the rest of Canada (Hypothesis 1). Second, given the distinct roles that cohabitation plays in English and French Canada, we suggested the double-selection hypothesis as an appropriate theoretical perspective for Canada outside of Quebec and the utilitarian perspective as useful for the French province. Specifically, we predicted that married couples — compared to unmarried — would display relatively higher levels of educational homogamy in English Canada and lower levels of homogamy in Quebec (Hypothesis 2). Furthermore, we expected that the size of the gap between marriage and cohabitation would vary across educational groups.» (p. 868)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
Cet article utilise les données du recensement canadien de 2001.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«The analyses do not support the first prediction about the relative similarity of married and unmarried couples in Quebec in terms of educational assortative mating. Our findings show that even though married and unmarried couples display different mating patterns, the relative gap separating the two groups is similar in both Canadian regions. This holds true whether we measure homogamy (i.e., tendency to marry and cohabit within one’s own educational group) or relative social distance (i.e., probability of partnering outside one’s own educational group). The analyses also do not confirm our second hypothesis concerning the relative prevalence of homogamy. We found that married couples living in both English and French Canada generally display higher levels of educational homogamy than cohabiting partners. […] The finding of higher educational homogamy among married couples corroborates the plausibility of the double-selection hypothesis which presumes that the ’good’ (meaning homogamous) matches marry while the others separate or keep cohabiting.» (p. 868)