Référence bibliographique 
Vandna, Sinha, Trocmé, Nico, Fallon, Barbara, MacLaurin , Bruce, Fast, Elizabeth, Thomas Prokop, Shelley, Petti, Tara, Kozlowski, Anna, Black, Tara, Weightman, Pamela, Bennett, Marlyn, Formsma, Jocelyn, Brascoupe, Pierre, O’Brien, Stephanie, Flette, Elsie, Gray, Richard, Lucas, Linda, Hoey, Shawn, Levi, Judy, Montgomery, H. Monty et Richard, Kenn. 2011. Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System. Ontario: Assembly of First Nations.
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«This report presents a profile of the child maltreatment-related investigations conducted by a large sample of child welfare agencies in Canada.» (p. ix)
This report is based on the First Nations Component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008 [FNCIS-2008]. «The FNCIS-2008 features a split sample design which combines data collected from a nationally representative sample of 89 provincial/territorial agencies with a sample of 22 purposely selected First Nations or urban Aboriginal agencies. The sampled provincial/territorial agencies provided data on 2,143 investigations involving First Nations children and 12,240 investigations involving non-Aboriginal agencies; the sampled First Nations or urban Aboriginal agencies provided data on 963 investigations involving First Nations children.» (p. 27)
Type de traitement des données :
«Data presented in this report show that, in the areas served by the sampled agencies, the rate of investigations involving First Nations children was 4.2 times the rate of investigations involving non-Aboriginal children (140.6 investigations per every 1,000 First Nations children living in the geographic areas served by sampled agencies vs. 33.5 investigations per every 1,000 non-Aboriginal children living in the geographic areas served by sampled agencies). They also show that short-term case dispositions compounded this disparity […]. While the data presented in this report strongly suggest that there is a link between household/caregiver profiles and the overrepresentation of First Nations children in the child welfare system, the relationships between household/caregiver characteristics and the rates of investigation, substantiation and placement during the investigation period for First Nations and non-Aboriginal investigations have not been formally tested in analyses presented here.» (p. 101) À noter que ce rapport contient des statistiques pour la province du Québec.