Marital Support, Psychological Distress, and Disability among Community-Dwelling Older Couples: A Longitudinal Study

Marital Support, Psychological Distress, and Disability among Community-Dwelling Older Couples: A Longitudinal Study

Marital Support, Psychological Distress, and Disability among Community-Dwelling Older Couples: A Longitudinal Study

Marital Support, Psychological Distress, and Disability among Community-Dwelling Older Couples: A Longitudinal Studys

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Référence bibliographique [11546]

Trudel, Gilles, Dargis-Damphousse, Luc, Villeneuve, Laurence , Boyer, Richard et Préville, Michel. 2013. «Marital Support, Psychological Distress, and Disability among Community-Dwelling Older Couples: A Longitudinal Study ». Sexual and Relationship Therapy, vol. 28, no 4, p. 350-363.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The aim of this study is to explore longitudinally, from a representative sample of community-dwelling older couples, the relationships between functional status, marital (positive and negative) support, a specific important component of marital functioning, and PD [psychological distress], using a dyadic analysis applied to data obtained in a population study.» (p. 352)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«In line with information from the literature, the following hypotheses were formulated: 1) There will be a mediating effect of positive marital support (T2) on the relationship between functional status (T1) and PD (T2) for men and women. (2) There will be a mediating effect of negative marital support (T2) on the relationship between functional status (T1) and PD (T2) for men and women. (3) Functional status will be related to PD for men and women. (4) Marital positive support will be related to the level of PD for men and women. (5) Marital negative support will be related to the level of PD for men and women.» (p. 352-353)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«Data came from a prospective study of French-speaking community-dwelling older couples (n = 508) aged 65 years and over, living in Quebec.» (p. 353)

Instruments :
- Questionnaire «Perceived Supportive Spouse Behaviors»
- Guide d’entretien directif

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«The results of this study do not confirm the two first hypotheses on the mediating effect of marital support. Indeed, neither the positive nor negative marital support mediates the relationship between functional status and PD among men and women. This is probably explained by the good functional status of the individuals in the sample. […] However, we observe that the model of perceived negative support predicts a larger amount of variance of PD in both older men and women. As mentioned earlier, the participants show a high level of psychological functioning, which is more likely to decrease than to increase. In adverse conditions, such as marital negative support, or while facing a decrease in functional autonomy, PD is more prone to developing.» (p. 360)