Oxman-Martinez, Jacqueline, Marinescu, Valentina et Bohard, Isabelle. 2009. «Shades of Violence: the Media Role ». Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 32, no 4, p. 296-304.
Intentions : « This article analyzes the specificities of gender representation in newspapers’ portrayals of violence against women and children in Romania and Canada. [...] The assumption that these representations or social constructs might show variations according to different types of societies constitutes the rationale underlying the choice of Romania and Canada as research fields. As a second point, it is also important to understand how these constructs operate in a young democracy and a transitional country as compared to a well consolidated democracy and developed country. » (p. 296)
Échantillon/Matériau : - Six Romanian newspapers: Ziua (The Day), Romania Libera (Free Romania), Adevarul (The Truth), Jurnalul National (The National Journal), Libertatea (The Freedom) and Gandul (The Thought). - Six Canadian newspapers: The National Post, The Globe and Mail, Le Soleil, La Presse, Le Devoir and The Gazette.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
Analyzing 12 newspapers from both Romania and Canada, this articles observes how social constructs and political organizations from different countries affect the representation of violence against women and children in the medias. The results showed that « [i]n Canada and Romania the reciprocal relations between the state and the media contribute to the projection of a specific social order in relation to violent acts, producing what is nationally acceptable about the nature of crime and strategies to control it. In both countries, media used the Police as primary definer of the violent acts. » (p. 302) Moreover, « [...] results have reinforced the mainstream theoretical approach that indicated the second-degree rank ascribed to violence against women in media texts, and the commonly-held impression that violence against women is less significant than other forms of violence. » (p. 302)