Disregard for Rules: the Early Development and Predictors of a Specific Dimension of Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Disregard for Rules: the Early Development and Predictors of a Specific Dimension of Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Disregard for Rules: the Early Development and Predictors of a Specific Dimension of Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Disregard for Rules: the Early Development and Predictors of a Specific Dimension of Disruptive Behavior Disorderss

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Référence bibliographique [1139]

Petitclerc, Amélie, Boivin, Michel, Dionne, Ginette, Zoccolillo, Mark et Tremblay, Richard E. 2009. «Disregard for Rules: the Early Development and Predictors of a Specific Dimension of Disruptive Behavior Disorders ». Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 50, no 12, p. 1477-1484.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« [T]his study aimed to (1) document the developmental trajectories of disregard for rules in a representative sample of children using parental reports at five time points from 29 to 74 months of age, and (2) identify the most important prenatal and early postnatal risk factors for a high trajectory, in order to inform preventive interventions. » (p. 1478)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Participants were involved in the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development (QLSCD) (Jetté & Des Groseillers, 2000). [...] The sample of this study was composed of children with no more than two missing data points on mother-rated disregard for rules between 29 and 74 months (N = 1,942; 50.3% male). » (p. 1478)

Instruments :
Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« This study showed that a small number of children follow a trajectory of chronic disregard for rules. Boys, and children with a maternal history of antisocial behavior, and paternal or maternal postnatal depressive symptoms, are more likely to follow this persistent pattern of DBD [disruptive behavior disorders] symptoms, especially if they cumulate these risk factors. » (p. 1482) Therefore, « [o]ur findings suggest that preventive efforts should target pregnant mothers with a history of antisocial behavior and, shortly after birth, assess parental depressive symptoms to narrow down the target population. As some of these risk factors are also found among predictors of aggression (Côté et al., 2007; Tremblay et al., 2004) and hyperactivity (Romano et al., 2006), it is likely that they would be useful in preventing DBD in general. Children who cumulated risk factors were at increased risk of following a Chronic disregard for rules trajectory, suggesting that using these factors in combination would be most effective in targeted preventive efforts, and could offset the limited usefulness of risk factors taken individually (Sameroff, 1998). » (p. 1482)