Adolescent Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight in the Peruvian Amazon

Adolescent Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight in the Peruvian Amazon

Adolescent Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight in the Peruvian Amazon

Adolescent Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight in the Peruvian Amazons

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Référence bibliographique [1098]

Ryan, Julia. 2009. «Adolescent Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight in the Peruvian Amazon». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université McGill, Département d’épidémiologie, biostatistique et santé au travail.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
The objective of the study is « [t]o compare low birth weight (LBW) (< 2,500g) between infants born to adolescent and adult mothers in Iquitos, Peru. » (p. ii)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« A random sample of 4,467 birth records was collected. Multivariate analyses were performed to compare both the proportion of LBW and mean birth weight of newborns of adolescents (10-14 yrs, 15-19 yrs) and adults (≥ 20 yrs) and then for primiparous mothers only. » (p. ii)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« For all mothers, all adolescents had significantly greater odds of having a LBW [low birth weight] infant than adults. For primiparous mothers, the same was true only for 10-14 year-olds. There were significant differences in mean birth weight between adults and both early and late adolescent age groups. […] Results provide evidence for increased risk of LBW in adolescents, especially early adolescents. Further research is needed on elucidating the basis of this disparity, especially in terms of physiological and behavioural determinants. » (p. ii) « These results contribute to recognized global research gaps in adolescent pregnancy as delineated by the World Health Organization. Finally, these findings support the need for future investigations of LBW in underserved populations in other developing countries. » (p. 80-81)