Assessing Mothers’ and Children’s Perceptions of Power Through Personal, Conventional, and Prudential Conflict Situations

Assessing Mothers’ and Children’s Perceptions of Power Through Personal, Conventional, and Prudential Conflict Situations

Assessing Mothers’ and Children’s Perceptions of Power Through Personal, Conventional, and Prudential Conflict Situations

Assessing Mothers’ and Children’s Perceptions of Power Through Personal, Conventional, and Prudential Conflict Situationss

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Référence bibliographique [10966]

Della Porta, Sandra et Howe, Nina. 2012. «Assessing Mothers’ and Children’s Perceptions of Power Through Personal, Conventional, and Prudential Conflict Situations ». Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 58, no 4, p. 507-529.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«[O]ur objective was to identify how parents and children report the use of power to manage different conflict situations». (p. 508) «Mothers’ and school-aged children’s perceptions of types of power executed (coercive, reward, legitimate, information, negotiation, and sneaky) in three domains of conflict (personal, conventional, and prudential) were investigated.» (p. 507)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«The first set of hypotheses concerned level of power across domains of conflict [...]; it was anticipated that, in the personal domain, children and mothers would report children as having more power than their mothers; and, in the conventional and prudential domains, mothers and children would report mothers as having more power than their children. The second set of hypotheses addressed the types of power across issues of conflict. It was expected that mothers would report themselves and be reported by their children as using more coercive, reward, information, and expert power than did children across conventional and prudential domains, while children would report themselves and be reported by mothers as using these types of power in the personal domain.» (p. 512)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«Participants included 41 children ranging from 7 to 12 years (M=10.12, SD=1.42) and their mothers. Perceptions of power were assessed through an interview consisting of 12 conflict-provoking scenarios.» (p. 507)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«Results indicated that mothers were reported as using more coercive power in the conventional domain and more information power across all domains than did children. Children were viewed as exercising more reward power in the personal and prudential domains,
more legitimate power in the personal domain, and more sneaky power in conventional and prudential domains than did mothers. This study contributes to our understanding of child-rearing beliefs, behaviors, and attributes of power in mother-child relationships during middle childhood.» (p. 507) «Yet, findings about conflicts in the conventional and prudential domains indicate that parents may perceive exercising their power as an essential step in socializing their children to become responsible, healthy individuals. Overall, it is important for parents to take into account their child’s perceptions of power in conflict situations to gain a better understanding of their thoughts and behaviors, which ultimately may be associated with positive conflict-resolution skills and a more positive relationship (Davidov & Grusec, 2006).
[...] It appears that, overall, neither mothers nor children are perceived to have more power over the other, although this differs somewhat for certain types of power.» (p. 224-225)