Impacts of Wheelchair Acquisition on Children from a Person-Occupation-Environment Interactional Perspective

Impacts of Wheelchair Acquisition on Children from a Person-Occupation-Environment Interactional Perspective

Impacts of Wheelchair Acquisition on Children from a Person-Occupation-Environment Interactional Perspective

Impacts of Wheelchair Acquisition on Children from a Person-Occupation-Environment Interactional Perspectives

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Référence bibliographique [10897]

Rousseau-Harrison, Kate et Rochette, Annie. 2013. «Impacts of Wheelchair Acquisition on Children from a Person-Occupation-Environment Interactional Perspective ». Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-10.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The objective was to explore in children with locomotor difficulties given a manual [wheelchair] (MWC) or PWC [powered wheelchair] the impacts of the WC [wheelchair] on social participation, personal factors and the social environment.» (p. 2)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
Cet article est une revue de littérature, les auteures ont conservé neufs articles au final, dont un où l’échantillon est québécois.

Type de traitement des données :
Réflexion critique

3. Résumé


«The results showed that WC acquisition had impacts on social participation, personal factors and the social environment. However, the nature of the relationships between these various elements is not always clear. For example, an improvement was found in the child’s social participation and self-esteem (personal factors) following the acquisition of a WC (environment). Thus it could be the environment directly that caused these impacts on these two other concepts. However, it could also be the increase in self-esteem that helped to improve social participation since when one feels more comfortable, one might be more inclined to gravitate towards others and go out more.» (p. 9) The authors also noticed that «[a]fter acquiring a WC, children who used to spend most of their time in the same place increased their participation in family as well as other activities, which helped to strength family relationships […].» (p. 6)
La perception des parents est aussi étudiée: «[c]hildren do not see disability in the same way as adults […]. Overall, children have a more positive view. Also, this perception on the part of the parents towards the disability seems to indicate that they have a tendency to think that what is appropriate for a child with typical development may not be appropriate for their child with disabilities. […].» (p. 8)