Self-Disclosure to Siblings and Friends in Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence

Self-Disclosure to Siblings and Friends in Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence

Self-Disclosure to Siblings and Friends in Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence

Self-Disclosure to Siblings and Friends in Middle Childhood and Early Adolescences

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Référence bibliographique [10558]

Martinez, Brynheld. 2011. «Self-Disclosure to Siblings and Friends in Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département des sciences de l’éducation.

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1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«The current study aims to extend previous literature on sibling and friend self-disclosure by examining the nature and frequency of self-disclosure in sibling relationships and friendships during middle childhood and early adolescence. [T]he first goal was to identify the rate and topics of disclosure within the two relationships. Second, possible gender and age differences in these associations were explored. [...] The third goal was to examine the links between perceptions of relationship quality with sibling and friend disclosure. Finally, compensatory or additive patterns of disclosure were also considered.» (p. 16)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«In reference to the second goal, it was hypothesized that same-sex siblings and friends would, participate more frequently in disclosure than opposite-sex dyads. Girls were also hypothesized to disclose more than boys. Moreover, because children begin to rely more heavily on their friends as they age [...], they will be expected to disclose at higher levels with friends in early adolescence(i.e., Grade 6) than middle childhood (i.e., Grade 4). With regard to the third goal, [...] it was hypothesized that there will be a difference in sibling relationship quality between boys and girls who disclose intimate information to their brother or sister, wherein siblings who disclose will report greater warmth and less conflict. Compared to those who do not disclose to their best friend, children and young adolescents who do disclose will differ in friendship quality, reporting higher levels of companionship and closeness, as well as less conflict. Regarding the fourth goal, an association may be present for children who rate their sibling relationship or friendship as negative.» (p. 17)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
«A total of 93 target children in the 4th and 6th grade participated. The sample included 24 boys and 22 girls in the 4th grade with a mean age of 9.48 years (SD =.59), and 19 boys and 28 girls in the 6th grade with a mean age of 11.15 years (SD = .55).[...] The children were recruited through local English schools in a bilingual (French-English) community, in the largely French environment of the province of Quebec, and were from lower- and middle-class Caucasian families.» (p. 17-18)

Instruments :
- Questionnaires
- Guide d’entrevue directif

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

«Analyses revealed participants were more likely to disclose peer and academic issues, as well as shared interests to friends compared to siblings. Older participants disclosed more about peer problems and interest in the opposite sex with their best friend than their younger counterparts. Compared to girls, boys reported discussing shared interests more frequently with both their siblings and friends. Same-gender sibships were more likely to self-disclose, yet the lack of cross-gender friendships made it impossible to address possible moderating effects. Respondents who disclosed to their sibling reported higher rates of warmth, rivalry, conflict, and overall quality in their sibling relationships. Older boys and girls who did not disclose to their friends reported greater conflict in their friendships, while the frequency of friend disclosure was positively related to overall friendship quality. Finally, a positive relationship was found for frequency of self-disclosure to siblings and friends, indicating a possible interaction between these two relationships.» (p. iii)