Three Essays in Empirical Labour Economics

Three Essays in Empirical Labour Economics

Three Essays in Empirical Labour Economics

Three Essays in Empirical Labour Economicss

| Ajouter

Référence bibliographique [10553]

Kucera, Miroslav. 2010. «Three Essays in Empirical Labour Economics». Thèse de doctorat, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département d’économie.

Accéder à la publication

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«The following thesis consists of three essays, each one being a study of issues of accumulation of and returns to human capital using real-world individual-level data. The first study examines what underlies differences in educational attainment between the children of immigrants to Canada and the children of the Canadian-born parents. […] The last essay proposes and estimates a structural dynamic model of optimal schooling and wages to explain differences between American whites and ethnic minorities of Afro-Americans and Hispanics.» (p. iii)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
«For the purpose of [the first article], a sample of Canadian males and females between 16 and 65 years of age was extracted from the cycle 15 of the 2001 General Social Survey, and two distinct definitions of what constitutes a second-generation immigrant were used.» (p. 27) «In this [third] study, we use data for 3,578 males from 1997 to 2007 cycles of the NLSY97 [National Longitudinal Survey of Youth]. Whites represent 52.7 percent of our sample, blacks 27.1 and Hispanics 20.2 percent.» (p. 99)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

In the first article, «[...] results show that second-generation immigrants did better in terms of schooling attainment than their peers born to Canadian parents, and that a significant disparity in favour of second-generation immigrants remained even after controlling for differences in selected personal characteristics, family background and unobserved heterogeneity.» (p. 6) «Family size [...] correlates negatively with schooling attainment. The negative effect of the mother working full-time on child’s schooling outcome can be explained as an effect of lower investment into the child’s quality, as mothers with jobs cannot devote as much time to their children as mothers who stay at home. The positive effect of the father working full-time most likely serves as a proxy for higher household income compared to the families in which the father did not work. The higher income presumably translates into a greater investment into children which, in turn, would be reflected in a higher schooling attainment.» (p. 24) In the third article, «[w]e find that certain components of family environment have a substantial impact on individual’s schooling. Namely, growing up in a complete family (with both biological parents) appears to have a positive and significant effect on educational attainment across all three ethnics.» (p. 117)