Adolescents’ Attachment Style with Parents and Conflict Management with Parents and Best Friend: An Investigation of Longitudinal Associations and Two Mediational Processes

Adolescents’ Attachment Style with Parents and Conflict Management with Parents and Best Friend: An Investigation of Longitudinal Associations and Two Mediational Processes

Adolescents’ Attachment Style with Parents and Conflict Management with Parents and Best Friend: An Investigation of Longitudinal Associations and Two Mediational Processes

Adolescents’ Attachment Style with Parents and Conflict Management with Parents and Best Friend: An Investigation of Longitudinal Associations and Two Mediational Processess

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The current dissertation examined the relation between attachment with each parent and conflict management with parents and close friends across adolescence. [...] Study 1 investigated the relation between attachment and conflict management with parents from age 15 to 17. [...] Study 2 examined the relation between adolescents’ attachment with each parent at age 13 and conflict management with best friends three years later, testing two mediators for this relation, attachment with others in general and conflict management with each parent.» (p. iii)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«The sample for the present study consisted of 205 adolescents (52% girls) attending an English-speaking public school in a suburban area of Montreal. The adolescents were participating in a larger 6-year longitudinal study designed to examine adolescent social and emotional development. [In the first study, they] were followed for 2 years [...] The mean age of the sample was 14.79 (SD = .67) at the time of the initial evaluation T1 (hereafter rounded to 15) and 17.01 (SD = .91) at Time 2.» (p. 23) In the second study, they «[...] were 205 participants in the first year of the study, a number that decreased to 164 at Time 2, 176 at Time 3, 172 at Time 4, and 134 at Time 5 (when 60% had graduated). In the first year of the study, participants were 13 years old (SD = 1.30), enrolled in grades 7 (43%) and 8.» (p. 75)

Instruments :
Questionnaires (utilisés dans les deux articles)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«Results indicated that the more adolescents were anxiously or avoidantly attached to their mother, the less they collaborated with her over time. Similar findings for avoidant attachment with father were for girls only. The more adolescents were avoidantly attached to their parents, the more they avoided conflict with them over time. [...] The more adolescents were avoidantly attached with their parents, the less they collaborated with their best friend. This relation was fully mediated by avoidant attachment with others in general and collaboration with father, and, for girls only by collaboration with mother. The more boys were anxiously attached with their parents, the less they collaborated and the more they avoided conflict or used stalemate with their best friends. The relation between anxious attachment with mother and collaboration tended to be mediated by general anxious attachment, whereas the relation between boys’ anxious attachment with father and the use of negative conflict behaviours with friends was mediated by the use of those same conflict strategies with their fathers. Thus, anxious attachment with mother impacted boys’ positive conflict behaviours with friends by generalizing to close others, whereas anxious attachment with father impacted their use of negative conflict behaviours through the practice of these behaviours with father.» (p. iii-iv)