Exclusive Breastfeeding Duration and Later Intake of Vegetables in Preschool Children

Exclusive Breastfeeding Duration and Later Intake of Vegetables in Preschool Children

Exclusive Breastfeeding Duration and Later Intake of Vegetables in Preschool Children

Exclusive Breastfeeding Duration and Later Intake of Vegetables in Preschool Childrens

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Référence bibliographique [10377]

Burnier, Daniel, Dubois, Lise et Girard, Manon. 2011. «Exclusive Breastfeeding Duration and Later Intake of Vegetables in Preschool Children ». European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 65, no 2, p. 196-202.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
In this article, the authors «[...] examine whether a relationship exists between exclusive breastfeeding duration and later vegetable consumption in 4-year-old children, independently of factors traditionally associated with children’s vegetable intake.» (p. 196)

Questions/Hypothèses :
The authors «[...]hypothesize that a positive relationship exists between exclusive breastfeeding duration and children’s vegetable intake at 4 years of age, independently of factors traditionally associated with vegetable consumption such as child sex, mother’s education, mother’s immigrant status, household annual income and age of introduction to vegetables.» (p. 197)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«Analyses were performed using data from the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development (QLSCD, 1998–2002), conducted by Santé Québec, a division of the Institut de la Statistique du Québec in Canada. The QLSCD analyzes the role of familial and social factors on children’s health, and cognitive and behavioral development (Dubois et al., 2000). It follows a representative sample of children (n=2100) born in 1998 in the province of Québec, Canada.» (p. 197) «From the first group of children (n=2100) included in the cohort, a subsample of 4-year-old children participated in a nutrition substudy (n=1549).» (p. 196)

Instruments :
-Guide d’entretien
-Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

:
«The present study focuses on vegetables alone, rather than fruits and vegetables combined, as the acceptance of vegetables is known to be more challenging in preschool children (Forestell and Mennella, 2007).» (p. 197) «Children whose mothers held a university degree had odds of 8.7 (95% CI: 4.23–17.93) for consuming two or more servings of vegetables a day at 4 years of age (vs less than one serving per day) in comparison to children of mothers with no high school diploma. Likewise, children who were exclusively breastfed for 3 or more months had odds of 2.6 (95% CI: 1.34–5.02, with 3 to o4 months of exclusive breastfeeding) and 1.9 (95% CI: 1.01–3.61, with 4 or more months of exclusive breastfeeding) for consuming two or more servings of vegetables per day (vs less than one serving per day) in comparison to children who were formula-fed and/or partially breastfed (no exclusive breastfeeding). [...]The findings suggest that three or more months of exclusive breastfeeding is a predictive factor for higher vegetable consumption in preschool children.» (p. 196)