Burnier, Daniel, Dubois, Lise et Girard, Manon. 2011. «Arguments at Mealtime and Child Energy Intake ». Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 43, no 6, p. 473-481.
Intentions : In this article, the authors «[...] examine how arguments at mealtimes relate to children’s daily energy intake.» (p. 473)
Questions/Hypothèses : In this study, «[i]t was hypothesized that a relationship would be observed between children’s daily energy intakes and arguments at mealtimes, independently of other socioeconomic factors.» (p. 473)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using data obtained through the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development 1998-2002 (QLSCD), a study conducted by Santé Québec, a division of the Institut de la Statistique du Québec in Canada.»The sample of this study is composed of «[o]ne thousand five hundred forty-nine 4-year-old children who participated in a nutrition substudy.» (p. 473)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«[T]o date, very few studies have documented the specific role of arguments at mealtime and their associations with child energy intake. [...] Owing to these sparse and poorly understood findings, this study aimed to describe the eating environment of a representative, population-based cohort of preschool children and to analyze how arguments at mealtime (between parents, among children, or between parents and children) may influence children’s daily energy intake.» (p. 473) «The adjusted odds for consuming a high daily energy intake was 2.5 (95% confidence interval: 1.3-4.9) in children who were never exposed to arguments (between parents and children) at mealtimes, in comparison to children who were often or always exposed to arguments. [...] Mealtimes that are free of arguments, specifically between parents and children, appear to associate with high daily energy intakes in children, even after controlling for other factors, including a child’s level of physical activity, eating in front of the television, mother’s educational level, and number of overweight parents, among others.» (p. 473)