Intentions : «To explore how older people who are “aging in place” are affected when the urban neighbourhoods in which they are aging are themselves undergoing socioeconomic and demographic change.» (p. 1)
Questions/Hypothèses : «The aims of this study were to answer the following questions. (1) What place does the neighbourhood have in the everyday lives of older residents? (What places do they frequent? Where are their social networks situated? What neighbourhood resources and services do they use?) (2) What neighbourhood changes do older residents notice? (3) How do neighbourhood changes affect older residents’ experiences of social exclusion/inclusion?» (p. 2)
Échantillon/Matériau : «A qualitative case study was conducted in two contrasting neighbourhoods in Montréal [...].» (p. 1) «[W]e conducted 30 semistructured face-to-face interviews with autonomous and mobile older adults aged from 68 to 95 years.» (p. 3)
Instruments : Guide d’entretien semi-directif
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
According to the authors, «[p]articipants express variable levels of attachment to neighbourhood. Gentrification triggered processes of social exclusion among older adults: loss of social spaces dedicated to older people led to social disconnectedness, invisibility, and loss of political influence on neighbourhood planning. Conversely, certain changes in a disadvantaged neighbourhood fostered their social inclusion. [...] This study thus highlights the importance of examining the impacts of neighbourhood change when exploring the dynamics of aging in place and when considering interventions to maintain quality of life of those concerned.» (p. 1) Note : Des facteurs familiaux (par exemple la présence d’enfants et de petits-enfants à proximité) expliquent le choix du lieu de résidence pour des personnes âgées.