Saint-Jacques, Marie-Christine, Villeneuve, Patrick, Turcotte, Daniel, Drapeau, Sylvie et Ivers, Hans. 2012. «The Role of Media in Reporting Child Abuse ». Journal of Social Service Research, vol. 38, no 3, p. 292-304.
Intentions : «Based on an examination of the number of newspaper articles published and the number of reported cases [to child protective services CPS] during 2 years, the present study provides a better understanding of the relationship between these two variables.» (p. 293)
Questions/Hypothèses : «Can we [...] assert that an increase or reduction in the number of newspaper articles on maltreatment leads to a corresponding increase or reduction in the number of reports to child protective services (CPS)?» (p. 293)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The study was based on an analysis of reports made to CPS in the region [of Quebec City] and on articles about maltreatment published in newspapers in the region. [...] These press reviews covered the province’s five leading daily newspapers: Le Devoir, La Presse, Le Soleil, le Journal de Québec, and le Journal de Montréal. […] Overall, 1,211 relevant articles for the present study were published during the 24-month study period [...].» (p. 296-297)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
According to the authors, «[r]esults showed a statistically significant positive relationship between the number of articles published regarding child maltreatment and/or CPS during a given week and the number of reports made to CPS during that same week and the following week. On the other hand, the presence of media frenzy events in the newspapers did not seem to provoke an increase in reporting. These results led us to conclude that the media did indeed play a role, particularly in encouraging people who were hesitating to report a child in difficulty or who did not know how to take action. At the same time, these results also showed that the media was a cog in a larger system intended to protect children from abuse and negligence. Finally, the results showed that media coverage of maltreatment was far from explaining the overall fluctuation in reports made to CPS. We must therefore continue in our efforts to determine which elements explain these fluctuations to better protect children and support these organizations in their work.» (p. 302) Note : Dans cet articile, la maltraitance des enfants est abordée sous l’angle de la famille.