Expressive Vocabulary and Early Grammar of 16- to 30-Month-Old Children Acquiring Quebec French

Expressive Vocabulary and Early Grammar of 16- to 30-Month-Old Children Acquiring Quebec French

Expressive Vocabulary and Early Grammar of 16- to 30-Month-Old Children Acquiring Quebec French

Expressive Vocabulary and Early Grammar of 16- to 30-Month-Old Children Acquiring Quebec Frenchs

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Référence bibliographique [10231]

Sutton, Ann et Trudeau, Natacha. 2011. «Expressive Vocabulary and Early Grammar of 16- to 30-Month-Old Children Acquiring Quebec French ». First Language, vol. 31, no 4, p. 480-507.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The main goal of the study was to obtain descriptive data regarding the lexicon (number of words produced and composition of the lexicon), early morphology and syntax (use of grammatical forms, emergence of word combinations and use of primitive sentence forms) of francophone children from Quebec, between the ages of 16 and 30 months.» (p. 483)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«A total of 826 children were recruited to take part in the study. […] Parent education varied, with a trend towards higher levels of education. In each age group, children staying at home with a parent and children attending daycares were represented.» (p. 484)

Instruments :
Questionnaire (Inventaire MacArthur-Bates du développement de la communication – Mots et énoncés (IMBDC-MÉ)).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


According to the authors, «[t]his study provides descriptive parent-report data regarding vocabulary and early morphology and syntax in francophone children aged 16–30 months in Quebec that lead to norms for vocabulary size, emergence and complexity of word combinations, and use of morphological forms across the age range. The findings suggest benchmarks and the broad strokes of language development in Quebec French that may serve as the background for future studies of children with typical development and with disabilities. Further research is needed to explore relationships among performance on the sections of the Quebec French IMBDC-MÉ and other measures of early language skills and to determine whether scores on the IMBDC-MÉ below the norms proposed here can be interpreted as early indicators of language disorders.» (p. 504)
Note : Cette étude prend en considération plusieurs facteurs familiaux, comme la scolarité des parents.