Intentions : «This study examined sibling conflict interactions in early and middle childhood as reflecting distinct sources of power […].» (p. iii)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Participants included 66 sibling dyads selected from a larger sample of 70 dyads that came from Caucasian, middle-class, English-speaking families. […] Only the 10-15 minute videotaped play sessions were used in the present study and the unit of analysis for the measures described below was based on the children’s verbal narratives.» (p. 21)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
According to the author, «[f]indings revealed that when siblings fought about objects they used coercive power and when they fought about procedural issues they employed information power. Younger siblings displayed consistent patterns in their use of legitimate power across procedural and object issues and in conflicts ending in win/lose resolutions and compromise, whereas older siblings used coercive power in win/lose conflict resolutions. Younger and older siblings did not differ in their overall success rate in power, but were most successful when employing the use of coercive power as opposed to information power and legitimate power. Although older siblings won more conflicts, younger siblings‘ overall success rate in power was more strongly related to their chances at overthrowing their older siblings‘ efforts. Findings are discussed in light of power theory and in terms of sibling influences in the development of conflict management skills.» (p. iii) Note : Cette étude traite aussi de la relation entre la fratrie et les parents en situations conflictuelles.