Statistical Categorization of Young People’s Entry into the Labour Market: A France/Canada Comparison

Statistical Categorization of Young People’s Entry into the Labour Market: A France/Canada Comparison

Statistical Categorization of Young People’s Entry into the Labour Market: A France/Canada Comparison

Statistical Categorization of Young People’s Entry into the Labour Market: A France/Canada Comparisons

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Référence bibliographique [10102]

Moulin, Stéphane. 2010. «Statistical Categorization of Young People’s Entry into the Labour Market: A France/Canada Comparison ». International Journal of Comparative Sociology, vol. 51, no 1-2, p. 85-110.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«This article uses a sociological approach to social statistics and international comparison to compare the ways national statistics institutions present young people’s entry into the labour market in France and Canada.» (p. 85)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«[W]e argue that the differences reflect two aspects of the sets of codes, rules and laws in each national context: two training-employment schemes (sequential/combinatory) and two labour market regulations (statutory/professional). (p. 85)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
L’auteur utilise des données de quatre études récentes (deux de la France; et deux du Canada).

Type de traitement des données :
Réflexion critique

3. Résumé


«The history of the two [France and Canada] systems of surveys shows their diverging development with regards to the measure of insertion.» (p. 85) «This comparison between French and Canadian statistical categorizations clearly shows the existence of two different ‘systems of insertion’, defined by Lefresne (2003) as the sets of laws and institutions that structure young people’s access to remunerative relationships in each national context. Examining calendar variables makes it possible to oppose two training-employment schemes: French sequential reasoning, which separates periods of study from periods of employment, contrasts with Canadian combinatory reasoning. The different ways national statistics institutions present young people’s paths also reflect two different regulations of young people’s mobility: Canadian professional regulation with a diversity of collective agreements and French statutory regulation with the central role of jobs contracts.» (p. 102-103)
Note : Les conditions familiales font partie des données analysées. L’auteur prend aussi en considération les particularités entourant la province du Québec.