Becoming Visible, Being Heard? Community Interpretations of First-Person Stories about Living with HIV/AIDS in Quebec Daily Newspapers

Becoming Visible, Being Heard? Community Interpretations of First-Person Stories about Living with HIV/AIDS in Quebec Daily Newspapers

Becoming Visible, Being Heard? Community Interpretations of First-Person Stories about Living with HIV/AIDS in Quebec Daily Newspapers

Becoming Visible, Being Heard? Community Interpretations of First-Person Stories about Living with HIV/AIDS in Quebec Daily Newspaperss

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Référence bibliographique [10100]

Mensah, Maria Nengeh et Haig, Thomas. 2011. «Becoming Visible, Being Heard? Community Interpretations of First-Person Stories about Living with HIV/AIDS in Quebec Daily Newspapers ». International Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 15, no 2, p. 131-148.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«In this article, we highlight first-person accounts by people living with HIV/AIDS that have appeared in daily newspapers in Quebec and raise a number of questions about how these accounts are received [...].» (p. 132)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«Under what conditions are people living with HIV able to give public voice to their stories? Understanding public accounts of living with HIV/AIDS as a genre of sexual storytelling, we have analysed the processes whereby HIV-positive people become vocal and visible in the media. The project has also included analysis of the reception of first-person accounts: Who has access to these stories? What cultural, social, and political factors have a bearing on the manner in which first-person accounts are heard and legitimated? What resources are required to do the ‘work’ of listening?» (p. 132)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«The VIHSIBILITÉ project was initiated in 2004 with a search of the electronic databases of Quebec’s four major daily French-language newspapers (La Presse, Le Devoir, Le Soleil and Le Droit) using HIV/AIDS-related keywords, yielding 12,754 articles published between 1993 and 2004. [...] A subset of articles that contained French-language equivalents of the term ‘testimonial’, or in which people living with HIV were quoted, was extracted (n = 1144) [...].» (p. 137)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé


«Making oneself visible and heard as an HIV-positive person has a number of political and social implications that require examination. This article has explored several questions regarding the meanings and processes whereby HIV-positive people become visible in the media. The role and impact of audiences, listeners – the people on the receiving end of these accounts – has emerged as a key aspect of the cultures of testimonials associated with this mediated and public visibility. [...] Cultural analysis of HIV/AIDS testimonials provides conceptual resources for grappling with the complexities of reception, in part by clarifying what distinguishes testimonials from less public acts of disclosure.» (p. 143)
Note : Cette recherche aborde les difficultés entourant les relations familiales dans un tel contexte, notamment celle de l’annonce de la maladie.