Intentions : «The first objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence rates of emotional and behavioural problems among Pakistani children. Age and gender effects were also investigated.» (p. 9)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Parents of 600 children ranging in age from 6 to 16 years [participated to the study], with the sample divided equally between boys and girls.» (p. 9)
Instruments : Questionnaires
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
According to the author, «[a] higher prevalence of Internalizing Problems as compared to Externalizing Problems was found in the overall sample. Within empirical syndromes, Anxious/Depressed was the most prevalent whereas among the DSM-oriented scales, Somatic Problems were the most prevalent. Similar to other cultures, there were significant gender differences with a higher degree of Externalizing Problems scores among boys as compared to girls. The converse was true for Internalizing Problems. Consistent with other cultures, Internalizing Problems increased with age whereas Externalizing Problems decreased with age. Despite the cross-cultural similarities in developmental trends, there was a significant effect of culture. Based on Cohen’s criteria (1988), the effect size for Culture was medium (.06) for Total Problems scores. Cross-cultural comparisons indicated that Pakistani children had higher scores on all the scales except Thought Problems. The high Pakistani scores may be attributed to the current increase in violence and terrorism in Lahore. Current findings support the ecological-transactional model. There were also some significant interactions.» (p. 9-10) Note : Des facteurs en lien avec la famille sont utilisés pour comprendre le comportement des enfants.