de Montigny, Francine, Verdon, Chantal et McGrath, Kory. 2015. «Perinatal Death and Grief in Canada». Dans The World of Bereavement: Cultural Perspectives on Death in Families , sous la dir. de Joanne Cacciatore et Defrain, John, p. 179-208. Cham (Suisse): Springer International Publishing.
Intentions : «This chapter presents how perinatal death and the subsequent grief are experienced in Canada, a country integrating various cultures. We begin with a brief historical overview of the implications of loss in this culture. We then examine the experiences of mothers, fathers, extended family members, other children, and health professionals, focusing on information gathered from Canadian research and clinical practice.» (p. 180)
Échantillon/Matériau : Données documentaires diverses
Type de traitement des données : Réflexion critique
According to the authors, «[v]arious challenges have been highlighted. First, and fundamentally, the lack of agreement on the definition of perinatal death among provinces, and among institutions within a province, and even in regard to families’ own definitions, affects policies and consequently health services offered and, ultimately, parents’ experiences. A second challenge lies in the fact that Aboriginal, immigrant, and refugee populations have historically not had a strong voice in contemporary Canadian culture, and consequently there has been limited research on the topic of perinatal bereavement within those cultures. […] While technology has changed the landscape of birth by opening opportunities for attachment in early pregnancy, for instance, as a result of being able to ‘see’ the baby through ultrasound photography, this attachment may heighten the intensity of grief in the case of perinatal death. The expanding discourse and legislation surrounding the right to die (currently active in Quebec) and the emergence of perinatal hospice open the way for controversial discussions on prenatal testing and its consequences (Layne, 2006 ). These developments illustrate the ways in which cultural attitudes toward perinatal death are evolving in Canada.» (p. 203-204) À noter que les auteures font souvent références aux différents services offerts aux parents endeuillés dans la province québécoise.
Effect of Neighbourhood Income and Maternal Education on Birth Outcomes: A Population-Based Study
Référence bibliographique 
Luo, Zhong-Cheng, Wilkins, Russell et Kramer, Michael S. 2006. «Effect of Neighbourhood Income and Maternal Education on Birth Outcomes: A Population-Based Study ». Journal de l’association médicale canadienne / Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 174, no 10, p. 1415-1421.
Intentions : « We sought to determine the extent to which associations between adverse birth outcomes and SES [maternal socioeconomic status] can be identified using indvidual-level measures (maternal level of education) and community-level measures (neighbourhood income). » (p. 1415)
Échantillon/Matériau : « In Quebec, the birth registration form includes a field for the mother’s years of education. Using data from birth registration certificates, we identified all births from 1991 to 2000. Using maternal postal codes that can be linked to census enumeration areas, we determined neighbourhood income levels that reflect SES. » (p. 1415)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Maternal socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of inequity in maternal and fetal health. […] Lower levels of both maternal education and neighbourhood income were associated with elevated crude risks of preterm birth, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth, stillbirth and neonatal and postneonatal death. The effects of maternal education were stronger than, and independent of, those of neighbourhood income. Compared with women in the highest neighbourhood income quintile, women in the lowest quintile were significantly more likely to have a preterm birth […], SGA birth […] or stillbirth […]; compared with mothers who had completed community college or at least some university, mothers who had not completed high school were significantly more likely to have a preterm birth […], SGA birth […] or stillbirth […]. Individual and, to a lesser extent, neighbourhood-level SES measures are independent indicators for sub-populations at risk of adverse birth outcomes. Women with lower education levels and those living in poorer neighbourhoods are more vulnerable to adverse birth outcomes and may benefit from heightened clinical vigilance and counselling. » (p. 1415)