What We Ask of Parents: Unequal Expectations for Parental Contributions to Early Childhood and Post-Secondary Education in Canada
Référence bibliographique 
Usher, Alex, Williams, Jonathan et Lambert, Jaqueline. 2016. What We Ask of Parents: Unequal Expectations for Parental Contributions to Early Childhood and Post-Secondary Education in Canada. Toronto: Higher Education Strategy Associates.
Intentions : «Our purpose in this paper is therefore to compare the different expectations governments [in Canada] have with respect to parental contributions to their children’s education at the ECE [child care or early childhood education] and PSE [post-secondary education] levels.» (p. 5)
Échantillon/Matériau : Données documentaires diverses
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Our comparison of expected parental contributions towards fees in non-compulsory education in Canada is based on fees both for universities (undergraduate) and child care, i.e. sticker prices, looking at various types of subsidies that are applied to these to improve affordability. […] To make reasonably accurate comparisons between our two sectors, and across provinces, it is necessary to make certain simplifying assumptions. In this case, we have assumed that all family units are two-parent, one-child families.» (p. 6) «This study has shown that parents with children in PSE are – in most provinces, at most levels of income – asked to contribute significantly less than parents with children in ECE. […] Why do Canadian governments – outside of Quebec that is - ask more of younger, less affluent parents than we do of older, more affluent ones? As issues of intergenerational equity become more prominent in Canadian political discourse, this is a question worth reflecting upon.» (p. 24) Il est à noter que les résultats nous indiquent que c’est au Québec et au Manitoba que la contribution parentale pour l’éducation à l’enfance est la moins élevée, et ce, pour la majorité des niveaux de revenu. Pour les études postsecondaires, c’est au Québec où la contribution parentale est la plus faible, mais il s’agit de la province où les frais de scolarité sont aussi les plus faibles.