Increased Risk of Asthma in Children with ADHD: Role of Prematurity and Maternal Stress During Pregnancy
Référence bibliographique 
Grizenko, Natalie, Osmanlliu, Esli, Fortier, Marie-Ève et Joober, Ridha. 2015. «Increased Risk of Asthma in Children with ADHD: Role of Prematurity and Maternal Stress During Pregnancy ». Journal de l’Académie canadienne de psychiatrie de l’enfant et de l’adolescent / Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 24, no 2, p. 109-115.
Intentions : «The objective of this study is to assess whether children with ADHD [Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder] in our sample present a different prevalence of asthma than children in the general Quebec population and explore what specific factors may increase the risk of asthma in the ADHD population.» (p. 111)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Two hundred one children (155 males and 46 females) with ADHD, aged between six and 12 years, were consecutively recruited from the ADHD clinic at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute in Montreal (DMHUI), Quebec, Canada.» (p. 111)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Given the numerous risk factors that have been associated with the onset of asthma in the general population, we examined possible variables that have been identified in the literature including: prematurity, maternal smoking during pregnancy, obstetrical complications, maternal stress during pregnancy, history of breastfeeding, family income, gender and age. Only prematurity and stress during pregnancy significantly predicted asthma.» (p. 112) «The results of this study suggest that children with ADHD have a higher prevalence of asthma than the general Quebec pediatric population. Our study shows that children with ADHD born prematurely and/or whose mothers experienced moderate to severe stress during pregnancy are at significantly higher risk to develop asthma, independently of other previously reported risk factors. These findings add to existing literature on the negative outcomes of maternal stress during pregnancy and prematurity, pointing to environmental remediation as an important preventative measure.» (p. 114)