Alcohol Use and Self-Perceived Mental Health Status Among Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women in Canada: A Secondary Data Analysis
Référence bibliographique 
Lange, Shannon, Quere, Mathilde, Shield, Kevin D., Rehm, Jürgen et Popova, Svetlana. 2016. «Alcohol Use and Self-Perceived Mental Health Status Among Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women in Canada: A Secondary Data Analysis ». BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 123, no 6, p. 900-909.
Intentions : The aim of this study is «to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy and while breastfeeding in Canada from 2003 to 2010, and to test the relation between self-perceived mental health status and alcohol consumption during pregnancy and while breastfeeding.» (p. 900)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’étude est basée sur les données de quatre cycles de l’Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes (2003, 2005, 2007/2008, et 2009/2010). L’échantillon final était composé de 18 612 femmes enceintes et de 15 836 femmes allaitant.
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«The pooled prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy among women who had given birth in the past 5 years […] was estimated to be 9.9% (95% CI [confidence interval] 9.2–10.5%) in Canada between 2003 and 2010. […] The prevalence was the lowest in Newfoundland and Labrador at 3.3% (95% CI 1.4–5.1%) and the highest in Quebec at 21.8% (95% CI 19.6–24.0%). Between 2003 and 2010 the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy has decreased significantly over time in Ontario (P < 0.001) and Quebec (P < 0.001) only (from 2003 to 2008 and from 2003 to 2005, respectively), as well as in Canada (P < 0.001) as a whole.» (p. 903) «The results indicate that one in every ten pregnant, and two in every ten breastfeeding women consume alcohol in Canada despite public health efforts. Of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada, the prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy has decreased at statistically significant levels in only two provinces (Ontario and Quebec, from 2003 to 2008 and from 2003 to 2005, respectively).» (p. 906)