Children’s Night Waking Among Toddlers: Relationships with Mothers’ and Fathers’ Parenting Approaches and Children’s Behavioural Difficulties
Référence bibliographique 
Zaidman-Zait, Anat et Hall, Wendy A. 2015. «Children’s Night Waking Among Toddlers: Relationships with Mothers’ and Fathers’ Parenting Approaches and Children’s Behavioural Difficulties ». Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 71, no 7, p. 1639-1649.
Intentions : «This study explores the associations between children’s sleep problems, parenting approaches and children’s behavioural difficulties.» (p. 1641)
Questions/Hypothèses : «Our research questions were: Do night-time waking pattern differences (presence and length of night waking) correspond with differences in mothers’ and fathers’ parenting cognitions/behaviours among 29-month-old toddlers? Are mothers’ and fathers’ parenting cognitions/behaviours already apparent before their toddlers’ differences in night-waking patterns at 29 months of age? Do night-time waking pattern differences relate to mothers’ and fathers’ shared perceptions of children’s behaviours among 29-month-old toddlers?» (p. 1641)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’étude est basée sur les données de l’Étude longitudinale du développement des enfants au Québec (ÉLDEQ) menée par l’Institut de la statistique du Québec.
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«[O]ur results indicated that, as early as 5 months, parental overprotectiveness scores were highest in parents with children waking 20 minutes or more at 29 months; they suggest that those children did not have an opportunity to learn self-regulation from an early age. […] Our findings suggest that wakes of <20 minutes or 20 minutes or more in duration could be coercive in terms of mothers’ parenting self-efficacy and mothers’ and fathers’ sense of parenting impact when their children are 29 months of age, with scores lowest in the longest wake duration group. […] Over the three time periods reported here, mothers with children in the group with wakes of 20 minutes or more reported lower sense of impact scores than mothers in the other wake groups. A failure to reduce children’s night waking duration over time may undermine mothers’ sense that their efforts change their children’s outcomes. […] The finding that mothers’ coercion scores significantly increased over time and the significant difference in mothers’ coercion scores among mothers with children in the group with wakes of less than 20 minutes compared with mothers with children in the group with no wakes suggests that mothers may resort to punishment to manage their children’s night waking.» (p. 1646-1647)