Transmission of Acute Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Illness From Children to Parents
Référence bibliographique 
Sacri, Anne Sylvia. 2014. «Transmission of Acute Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Illness From Children to Parents ». Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 33, no 6, p. 583-588.
Intentions : «The objectives of our study were to estimate the incidence of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections among preschool children attending out-of-home childcare, to determine the risk of parental acquisition of these infections and to describe the preventive measures used by families to reduce infection transmission.» (p. 583)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’étude est basée sur la participation de 608 individus provenant de 374 ménages de la ville de Québec.
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Our study reinforces that AGE [acute gastroenteritis] and ARI [acute respiratory illness] are common in children attending daycare. However, we also show that parents frequently acquire these illnesses in secondary transmission episodes from their children. Parents became sick more than once in every 3 episodes of child illness, both for AGE (40%) and ARI (36%). Secondary AGE in parents resulted in greater work absenteeism than ARI (62% vs. 34%) also of slightly longer duration (23% vs. 15% missing ≥2 days). Household infection prevention measures reported by parents were generally the same regardless of the type of infection and hand hygiene was the primary measure mentioned, positively influenced by the pandemic experience in 2009.» (p. 586) «In summary, parental risk and impact of AGE and ARI transmission from their children may be substantial. Given the limitations of this retrospective study, prospective studies inclusive of microbiologic confirmation are needed to confirm secondary parental ARI and AGE incidence estimates and to evaluate the effectiveness of preventive practices in the household to limit transmission.» (p. 587)