Investigating Maternal Touch and Infants’ Self-Regulatory Behaviours during a Modified Face-to-Face Still-Face with Touch Procedure
Référence bibliographique 
Jean, Amélie D. L., Stack, Dale M. et Arnold, Sharon. 2014. «Investigating Maternal Touch and Infants’ Self-Regulatory Behaviours during a Modified Face-to-Face Still-Face with Touch Procedure ». Infant and Child Development, vol. 23, no 6, p. 557–574.
Intentions : «The first objective was to compare the overall amount of maternal touch and its specific functions […] during a Normal and three SF+T [Still-Face with Touch procedure] periods. […] The second objective was to compare the types of infants’ self-regulatory behaviours [...] used across the Normal and SF+T periods. […] Finally, the third objective consisted of analysing how each maternal function of touch co-occurred with infants’ affect, gaze, and self-regulatory behaviours, and how infants’ self-regulatory behaviours co-occurred with infants’ affect and gaze.» (p. 560)
Questions/Hypothèses : «Based on previous studies (Moreno et al., 2006; Stack & LePage, 1996), an increase in the amount of maternal touch provided, specifically nurturing and playful functions of touch, was hypothesized to occur across the SF+T periods. [A]n increase in self-comfort regulatory and exploratory behaviours, gaze aversion, and escape was expected across the SF+T periods. However, given the presence of maternal touch, the observed means were expected to be lower than are generally observed in a typical SF procedure. In addition, as a consequence of the change in maternal availability from the Normal to the SF+T periods, the bidirectional exchange category (i.e., regulation through engagement with their mothers) was expected to decrease, while still remaining high, from the Normal to the SF+T periods. Dyads were expected to be able to engage through touch alone. […] Co-occurrences between touch and infants’ affect, gaze, and self-regulatory behaviours were expected to vary across the four interaction periods.» (p. 560)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Participants were recruited from a major University teaching hospital in the Montréal community (Québec, Canada). Mothers of healthy full-term infants, weighing at least 2750g (approximately 6.0 lb) and born between 38 and 41 weeks of gestation were recruited. The current sample of twenty-four (12 males; 12 females) 5½-month-olds was obtained from an archival data set investigating maternal touch and gesture during face-to-face interaction». (p. 561)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Taken together, our results make a strong case for the regulatory role of maternal touch. Examining how mothers use touch across three consecutive SF+T periods when other forms of communication are absent contributes to our knowledge pertaining to the reasons that mothers use touch and the role of this touch in infants’ emotion regulation over time. Touch was revealed to serve various functions. Furthermore, findings from infants’ affect and attention provide support for the positive nature of these touch-only interactions. Although the amount of touch provided to infants remained high across periods, consistent with past research findings (Feldman et al., 2010; Ferber et al., 2008; Hertenstein, 2002; Stack & LePage, 1996), mothers sensitively adjusted their tactile behaviours to the constraints of the interactions from the Normal to the SF+T periods. Because mothers provided regulatory support through touch during the SF+T periods, no major changes were observed across periods for infants’ self-regulatory behaviours. Results imply that through touch alone, mothers are able to regulate the changes in their infants’ affect.» (p. 570)