Raising Children in Heterosexual and Same-Sex Families: French-Canadian Women’s Shared Maternal Experiences
Référence bibliographique 
Gosselin, Julie, Vandette, Marie-Pier, Valiquette-Tessier, Sophie-Claire et Gosselin, Natasha. 2018. «Raising Children in Heterosexual and Same-Sex Families: French-Canadian Women’s Shared Maternal Experiences ». Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, vol. 59, no 7, p. 555-573.
Intentions : «The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the lived experience of women who coparent together in both heterosexual and lesbian stepfamilies.» (p. 558)
Questions/Hypothèses : The authors «were interested in […] how women define their maternal role and those of the other women involved in childrearing in the stepfamily, […] how this definition was associated with traditionally gendered aspects of family life in both heterosexual and lesbian stepfamilies, and […] what tools and strategies they employ to coordinate with the other women who coparent with them.» (p. 558)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The convenience sample included 15 adult women, who in the majority of cases (80%) had been living in a stepfamily household for at least 2 years. The participants were from the province of Quebec [.]» (p. 559) Sample includes women in both heterosexual and same-sex relationships.
Instruments : Guide d’entretien semi-directif
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
«In this study, the intensive motherhood ideology was prevalent across participants, both in how they defined the “realness” of their parenthood and how they conceptualized levels of legitimacy within maternal roles, with biological and legal mothers (and biological fathers) as most legitimate and stepmothers as supportive coparents to their spouse. Perhaps because in same-sex stepfamilies women have already broadened their definition of legitimate motherhood to include legal mothers, they seemed more open in general to offering a seat at the parenting table to stepmothers, including their ex-partner’s new partner. Although stepmothers in same-sex stepfamilies still saw themselves as secondary parents, they appeared to have more direct contact with all the other women on the parenting team, and better opportunities for coparenting across households. In contrast, in heterosexual stepfamilies, women tended to avoid direct contact with the other woman involved in parenting their (step)children, choosing instead to rely mostly on direct communication with the child or with their male ex-partner or spouse to coordinate across households. In this manner, biological parents take on the role of family diplomats who can strike deals on behalf of their household, whereas stepparents are relegated to a supportive role in implementing agreements made by the biological parents’ coparenting team.» (p. 568)
Canadian Portrait of Changes in Family Structure and Preschool Children’s Behavioral Outcomes
Référence bibliographique 
Gosselin, Julie, Romano, Elisa, Bell, Tessa, Babchishin, Lyzon, Hudon-ven der Buhs, Isabelle, Gagné, Annie et Gosselin, Natasha. 2014. «Canadian Portrait of Changes in Family Structure and Preschool Children’s Behavioral Outcomes ». International Journal of Behavioral Development, vol. 38, no 6, p. 1-11.
Intentions : This article contains two studies. «The first study created a Canadian portrait of diverse family structures for 0–5-year-olds over a 12-year period [and] also enabled us to test out whether family demographic trends continue to remain distinct for Quebec and the rest of Canada. [T]he second study examined the potential influence of family structure and family dissolution (as well as child, parent, and family factors) on children’s early behavioral outcomes.» (p. 3)
Échantillon/Matériau : The two studies used «nationally-representative data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY). [For study 1, they] focused on cross-sectional trends at cycle 2 (1996) through 8 (2008). […] For study 2, they used data at cycle 6 (2004) when the sample was 0–1 years of age while the behavioral measures were based on the most recent data collection cycle (cycle 8 in 2008) when the sample was 4–5 years of age.» (p. 3)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«This study contributed to our understanding of demographic trends regarding diverse family structures by using nationally representative Canadian data to map out patterns of change over a 12-year period for children aged 0–5 years. Results [of the first study] imply that, even among young children, more than 1 in 10 was already living in a non-intact family, be it a single-parent family or a stepfamily. Results from longitudinal analyses [study 2] demonstrated that for this age group, behavioral outcomes were more consistently associated with various child, parent, and family characteristics than with family structure or family transition.» (p. 9) Note that «in Quebec, the percentage of 0–5-year-olds growing up with married biological parents decreased substantially over a 12-year period, from 53.6% (1996) to 37.9% (2008). In contrast, the percentage of two cohabiting biological parents almost doubled across time (28.3% in 1996 to 49.1% in 2008), becoming the predominant family type for 0–5-year-olds.» (p. 6)